Gaywood
Homeland Road
towermill


Contact

Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

c.1870
c.1870

Gaywood Homeland Road towermill and steam mill were adjacent and were probably worked together. The mils stood at the top of Homeland Road, which was the short road linking the mills with the Gaywood Road. The mill had a distinctive horizontally boarded ogee cap with a petticoat and ball finial similar to the one on nearby Gayton_towermill. A 6 bladed fan and a gallery were set on the back of the cap. The 5 storey mill had a stage at the second floor. Power was supplied by 4 double shuttered patent sails, each with 8 bays of 3 shutters that were struck by lever and set on an iron windshaft. In later years the windmill ran 2 pairs of 4ft. and one pair of 4ft. 6ins French burr stones, a flour machine, jumper and corn screens etc., although this had apparently been reduced to 2 pairs of stones by 1883. A horse mill was also being used to drive a flour mill by 1839.


A steam mill was built alongside the windmill where a 12 h.p. engine powered a further four pairs of stones a flour dressing machine and an Excelsior Bran Duster.


Tithe Award 1839
Owner: Chapel Reeves of Kings Lynn
Occupier: George Onyon

No. 530

Windmill & Pightle

Pasture

0a. 3r. 17p.

Pt. of £9. 5/-


To be Sold by Auction on 3 December at the Sun Inn, Lynn.
An excellent brick Tower Wind Mill, in the Parish of Gaywood, late the property and in the occupation of Mr. George Onyon, deceased, and now in full trade, built about twenty years, patent Sails (new), strikes with lever, iron shaft, winds herself, driving three pairs of good French stones (one pair 4ft. 6ins. and 2 pairs 4ft.), with corn screens, flour machine & jumper, flour mill (to which is attached a small horse wheel), together with granary, two stables and cart shed. Immediate possession may be had.

Stamford Mercury - 22nd November 1839

An excellent Situation for a Miller
Within a Quarter of a Mile of the Port of Kings Lynn
To be Peremptorily Sold by Auction by Mr. Cruso on Tuesday 3rd December 1839 at 6 0'c at the Sun Inn, Lynn.
An excellent Brick Tower Wind Mill (now in Full Trade) in the parish of Gaywood, late the property and in the occupation of Mr. George Onyon, decd., built about 20 years ago, patent sails (new), strikes with lever, iron shaft, winds herself, driving 3 pairs of good French stones (one pair 4ft. 6ins. and 2 pairs 4ft.), with corn screens, flour machine & jumper, flour mill to which is attached a small horse mill wheel, with all their going geers complete, granary, with 3 chambers, 2 stables, hay loft, cart shed & piggery.
Also a good dwelling house near consisting of 2 parlours, kitchen, scullery, dairy, pantry, 5 bedrooms, garden & pasture containing altogether 1 acre. Immediate possession of the Mill may be had & of the house on or before Lady Day next.
For further particulars apply to Messrs. Jarvis, Solicitors, Lynn or the Auctioneer.

All persons having any demands on the said George Onyon are requested to send an account of the same to Mr. George Plowright Jnr. Lynn or to Mr. Rogers of Congham, the Executors ...
Lynn, November 21, 1839

Norfolk Chronicle - 23rd November 1839

An excellent Situation for a Miller
Within a Quarter of a Mile of the Port of Kings Lynn
To be Peremptorily Sold by Auction by Mr. Cruso on Tuesday 10th December 1839 at 6 0'c at the Sun Inn, Lynn.
An excellent Brick Tower Wind Mill (now in Full Trade) in the parish of Gaywood, late the property and in the occupation of Mr. George Onyon, decd., built about 20 years ago, patent sails (new), strikes with lever, iron shaft, winds herself, driving 3 pairs of good French stones (one pair 4ft. 6ins. and 2 pairs 4ft.), with corn screens, flour machine & jumper, flour mill to which is attached a small horse mill wheel, with all their going geers complete, granary, with 3 chambers, 2 stables, hay loft, cart shed & piggery.
Also a good dwelling house near consisting of 2 parlours, kitchen, scullery, dairy, pantry, 5 bedrooms, garden & pasture containing altogether 1 acre. Immediate possession of the Mill may be had & of the house on or before Lady Day next.
For further particulars apply to Messrs. Jarvis, Solicitors, Lynn or the Auctioneer.

All persons having any demands on the said George Onyon are requested to send an account of the same to Mr. George Plowright Jnr. Lynn or to Mr. Rogers of Congham, the Executors ...
Lynn, November 21, 1839

Norfolk Chronicle - 30th November & 7th December 1839

To be Let, with immediate possession. A Steam and a Windmill, the former driving four pairs of stones, with Patent Machine and Flour Mill, and the latter two pairs of stones, situate at Gaywood, within half a mile of the harbour of Kings Lynn. Apply to Mr. T. Griffin, at the Mills.
Stamford Mercury - 5th October 1849

Extract from the will of William Forster, a flour merchant from King's Lynn (1749-1804),

… and I give, devise and bequeath unto my son Thomas Forster all that my windmill with the appurtenances and all buildings thereto belonging and near adjoining, situate standing and being in Gaywood in the said County of Norfolk, erected and built upon a piece of land belonging to the corporation of King’s Lynn aforesaid known by the name of the Mayor and Burgesses and which piece of land is held by me as assigned of an Indenture of Lease granted by the said Mayor and Burgesses.  To hold the said windmill, buildings and all the apparatus and appurtenances.  As also the residue and remainder of the Term or Term of Years of and in the said Lease which shall be to come and unexpired at the time of my decease unto him my said son Thomas, his heirs, executors, administrators and assigns forever.

Bob Merry - 27th December 2005 (descendant)

c.1885
c.1885

GAYWOOD  near KING'S LYNN
---:---
To be sold by auction, by Messrs. Cruso and Hawkins, at the Globe Hotel, King's Lynn, on Tuesday March 15th, 1870, at three to four o'clock precisely.
ALL THAT FREEHOLD BRICK TOWER MILL, with going gears complete, situate in Gaywood, in the county of Norfolk, well calculated to carry an extensive trade, being within half a mile of King's Lynn.
The mill is a lofty tower, with five floors, which will contain seven or eight lasts of corn; with three pairs of French stones and screens complete, winding tackle and patent sails, an excellent flour chamber, horse mill and jumper, together with an outside apparatus for steam power when required; and will grind four to five lasts per week.
Also, a capital DWELLING HOUSE, suitable for residence of a family, and a grass pightle and good garden, containing 1 acre (more or less), with stable and outbuildings.
For further particulars, apply to the auctioneers Lynn and Downham; or to Messrs. Coulton & Beloe, Solicitors, King's Lynn.
Lynn Advertiser - 5th March 1870

GAYWOOD
Re ROBERT EVERETT & SON

Notice is hereby given that the Partnership lately subsisting between Robert Everett & Frith Everett, both of Narborough in the county of Norfolk, in the business of Millers, Merchants & Bakers, carried on at Narborough & Gaywood Mills in the said county, determined on the 28th day of May last by the death of the said Robert Everett& that the Business is now carried on by the said Frith Everett alone. And all persons having any Claims or Demands against the late Partnership Firm are requested to send particulars of their respective Claims & Demands to the said Frith Everett forthwith & all persons who stood indebted to the said Partnership Firm are requested to pay the amount of their respective debts to the said Frith Everett forthwith.
Dated this 20th day of September 1870
  T. G. Archer,
Solr. To the Executor of the said Robert Everett
& the said Frith Everett
Lynn Advertiser - 24th September 1870

ST. MARGARETS VESTRY MEETING
Thursday morning ...
The meeting then sat as the vestry for Srt. Nicholas Chapel ...
The lease held by Mr. Bath, Broad Street was renewed on the same terms as before. That held by Mr. Everett fro the Mill at Gaywood was renewed for 21 years; the rent to be increased from £23 to £30. It was stated that Mr. Everett was going to build a house on the land, to be removed at the expiration of the lease or taken by the Chapelwardens at valuation.
Lynn Advertiser - Saturday 22nd April 1876

1881 map of Kings Lynn
Section of 1881 map of Kings Lynn

O.S. map 1888 - redrawn by Harry Apling
O.S. map 1888 - redrawn by Harry Apling

c.1900 c.1905
c.1900
c.1905
Highgate infants' school, which opened in 1877, is in the foreground of the above two photographs

Norfolk, NARBOROUGH & GAYWOOD
Important Leasehold Business Property, known as the Gaywood Steam & Wind Mills, comprising a Steam Flour Mill with 12 Horse Engine driving four Pairs of Stones, fitted with Elevator, Flour Dressing Machine, Excelsior Bran Duster, & other Machinery; Brick Tower Wind Mill fitted with Patent Sails, driving two Pairs of Stones; Counting House, Stabling & Wagon Lodge, Comfortable Small Residence with Garden & Paddock adjoining.
SALTER & SIMPSON are favoured with instructions from Mr. Frith EVERETT to Sell by Auction at the Globe Hotel, Kings Lynn, on Tuesday July 31, 1883 at 4 for 5 o'c in the Afternoon, the above Property.

Further particulars of the Auctioneers, Attleborough & Bury St. Edmunds & of Messrs. ARCHER & ARCHER, Kings Lynn, Vendor's Solicitors.

Norfolk Chronicle & Lynn Advertiser - 14th July 1883


Norfolk, NARBOROUGH & GAYWOOD
Important Freehold Business & Residential Properties, comprising Steam, Water & Wind Mills, three well built Dwelling houses, Cottage & Pasture Land, all in the occupation of the Proprietor & Possession can be had at Michaelmas next.
SALTER & SIMPSON are favoured with instructions from Mr. Frith EVERETT to Sell by Auction at the Globe Hotel, Kings Lynn, on Monday July 31, 1883 at 3 for 4 o'c in the afternoon in the following Lots.

IN NARBOROUGH

Lot 1. Narborough Water Mill

Lot 2. Residence …

Lot 3. Dwelling houses …

IN GAYWOOD

Lot 4. The GAYWOOD STEAM & WIND MILLS with Dwelling house, Garden, Cottage & Pasture Land adjoining.
Further particulars of Messrs. ARCHER & ARCHER, Solrs. Kings Lynn, Messrs. FOSTERS, BURROUGHES & ROBBERDS, solrs. Norwich or of the Auctioneers, Attleborough.

Norfolk Chronicle & Lynn Advertiser - 21st July 1883


O.S. Map 1888 - 1890
O.S. Map 1888 - 1890 with site of mill marked in red
Image produced from the www.old-maps.co.uk service with permission of Landmark Information Group Ltd. and Ordnance Survey

Messrs. Cruso & Wilkin have received instructions from the Trustees under a Deed of Assignment to Sell by Auction on Thursday September 9, 1897 all the valuable & well conditioned HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE & other Effects belonging to Mr. Frith Everett.
(of Narborough_Mill).
Norfolk Chronicle - 4th September 1897


TO LET
Large Workshop & Yard on the Gaywood Road. Possession at once.
Apply A. A. Turner, the Mill, Dock Bridge, Lynn.
Lynn Advertiser - 12th, 19th & 26th January, 2nd & 16th February 1900


O.S. map 1905 - redrawn by Harry Apling
O.S. map 1905 - redrawn by Harry Apling

Lynn Advertiser - 27th March 1908
Lynn Advertiser - 27th March 1908

Lynn Advertiser - 21st June 1912
Lynn Advertiser - 21st June 1912

c.1913
c.1913 with only two sails

Lynn Advertiser - 1st May 1914
Lynn Advertiser - 1st May 1914

Lynn Advertiser - 21st June 1912

Gaywood towermill map 2006
O.S. Map 2005
Image produced under licence from Ordnance Survey

White's 1836: Clarke Hammerton, millwright

Kelly's 1896: William Tinker, miller (wind) baker & farmer

Kelly's 1900: William Tinkler, miller (wind) baker, farmer & corn & flour dealer, Gaywood mill

Kelly's 1904: William Tinker, miller (wind) baker & farmer, Gaywood Mill

Kelly's 1908: William Tinker, farmer


c.1800: William Forster, miller & flour merchant, Kings Lynn

c.1820: Mill built

1822: George Onyon, miller

O.S. map 1824: Windmill

Bryant's map 1826: Windmill

Pigot's 1830: George Onyon, miller, Gaywood

White's 1836: George Onyon, corn miller

Tithe Award map 1838: Windmill

Tithe Award 1839: Owner: Chapel Reeves of Kings Lynn; Occupier: George Onyon, miller

1839: George Onyon died

November 1839: Mill advertised for sale by auction

Robson's 1839: Thomas Garfin, miller

Census 1841: Thomas Griffin (20) miller; John Osborn (15) jnyman miller; Orris Broughton (25) jnyman miller

White's 1845: Thomas Griffin, steam mill

1849: Thomas Griffin, miller

October 1849: Mill advertised to be let along with the steam mill

1850: Thomas Griffin, miller

1853: Robert Everett, miller

White's 1854: Robert Everett & Son, corn millers

White's 1864: Robert Everett & Son, corn millers

c.1865: Robert & Frith Everett, also at Narborough watermill

March 1870: Mill advertised for sale by auction

28th May 1870: Robert Everett died

1872: Everett & Son, millers

1875: Frith Everett, miller

Thursday 20th April 1876: St. Nicholas Chapel renewed lease for 21 years at a rent of £30 per annum

Kelly's 1879: Frith Everett, miller

1883: Frith Everett, miller

July 1883: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with steam mill

O.S. map 1880-1890: Corn mill

Census 1881: Frances Howlett, Mill House, Kings Lynn St Margaret

1888: Alfred Andrew Turner, miller

Kelly's 1892: Alfred Andrew Turner, miller (wind) Gaywood mills

Kelly's 1896: Turner & Son, millers (wind) Gaywood mills

September 1897: Personal effects of Frith Everett advertised for sale by auction under a Deed of Assignment

Kelly's 1900: Turner & Son, millers (wind & steam) Gaywood mills

Kelly's 1904: Turner & Son, millers (wind & steam) Gaywood mills

O.S. map 1905: Windmill

Kelly's 1908: Turner & Son, millers (wind & steam) Dock Bridge mills, Gaywood road

Kings Lynn town plan 1908: Corn mill


March 1908: Mill advertised for sale by auction

June 1912: Steam mill building and engine house building materials advertised for sale by auction

1913: Mill lost two sails

Spring 1914: Mill demolished

May 1914: Alfred Turner's outdoor milling effects advertised for sale by auction due to him giving up the business

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