Saxlingham Thorpe
towermill

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Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

c.1929
c.1929

Saxlingham Thorpe towermill was built in 1834 and stood in Black Mill Lane. The 4 storey tower had a stage and fantail. The patent sails on an iron wind shaft powered 2 pairs of French burr stones. The mill was often known as the Black Mill.


The windmill was worked in conjunction with the nearby Saxlingham Thorpe watermill


Mr. BUTCHER announces to the Public that he has received instructions to submit to Public Competition at the Bowling Green Hotel, Norwich on Saturday 26 May, 1838, in lots.
Water_Corn_Mill, a newly-erected Brick Tower Windmill, neat Residence, Cottage, and other buildings at Saxlingham, in Norfolk, together with several acres of Arable and Pasture land.
The property is now in the occupation of Mr. Edward Reynolds, the Proprietor, who will give up possession at Michaelmas next.
Norfolk Chronicle - 21st April 1838


To MILLERS

Mr. BUTCHER Respectfully announces to the Public that he has received instructions to submit to Public Competition at the Bowling Green Hotel, Norwich on Saturday May 26, 1838
An Important & Valuable Freehold Water_Corn_Mill, a newly erected substantial Brick Tower Windmill, neat Residence, Cottage & other Buildings at Saxlingham in Norfolk, together with several Acres of fertile Arable & Pasture Land.
This desirable Property is well situated in a good Corn District, next the Turnpike Road from Norwich to London & in the immediate vicinity of excellent Markets.
It is now in the occupation of Mr. Edward Reynolds, the Proprietor, who will give up Possession at Michaelmas next.
Norfolk Chronicle - 28th April 1838

TO MILLERS
Superior Freehold Water_Corn_Mill, Brick Tower Windmill, Residence and Land at Saxlingham near Norwich.
Mr. Butcher will Sell by Auction at the Bowling Green Hotel, Norwich on Saturday May 26, 1838 at 4 o'c
The undermentioned Important FREEHOLD MILLS at Saxlingham in Norfolk the Property of Mr. Edward Reynolds, who will give possession at Michaelmas next.
Lot 1. Water_Corn_Mill ...
Lot 2. That newly erected and substantial Brick Tower Windmill with patent sails, winding herself and driving two pairs of stones, with a pightle of Land adjoining thereto containing One Acre.
Copyhold.
...
Each of the above Lots will be entitled to a Right of Commonage over the Commons of Saxlingham.
Apply to Messrs. Rackham & Cooke, Solrs. St Giles, Norwich or the Auctioneer.
Norfolk Chronicle - 5th, 12th, 19th & 26th May 1838


c.1930
c.1930

To Millers & Capitalists
Capital Estate and Corn Mills at SAXLINGHAM near Norwich With Possession at Michaelmas next or sooner if required
To be SOLD or LET by Private Contract
A Superior and Valuable Freehold WATER_CORN_MILL at Saxlingham near Norwich and handsome new built Dwelling House adjoining the Mill ...
Also a capital and substantial Brick Tower WINDMILL with Patent Sails, winding herself and driving two pairs of stones and capable of manufacturing upon the average 3 Lasts per week; also a commodious Barn with Stable, and Lodges and tow pieces of superior Arable and Meadow Land adjoining containing with the site of the Buildings Seven Acres or thereabouts.
The last mentioned Property has been erected within the last ten years upon land adjacent to the Water_Mill Premises and are in excellent repair. Copyhold of then Manor of Saxlingham Thorpe. Fine arbitrary and the only outgoing is an annual quit rent of 9s. There is an unlimited Right of COMMONAGE over the Common of Saxlingham attached to the whole Estate ...
The whole Estate is now in the occupation of Mr. Edward Reynolds, the proprietor and possession will be give on 11th of October next or sooner if required.
Particulars on application to Mr. Reynolds or Mr. E. C. Bailey, Solr. Orford Street, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 25th March & 1st April 1843


SAXLINGHAM
Sale of Horses etc.
For Mr. Edward Reynolds, 4th July
"in consequence of the Mill being let"
Norfolk Chronicle - 24th June 1843


To Millers and Capitalists
SAXLINGHAM MIILLS
Comprising Freehold Water_Corn_Mill, Dwelling House and Brick Tower Wind Mill with the requisite Outbuildings and about 13 acres of superior Arable and Meadow Land adjoining.
To be Sold by Private Contract.
Apply to Mr. Reynolds, the Proprietor, Boars Head Inn or to Mr. C. E. Bailey, Solr. Little Orford Street, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle & Norwich Gazette - 9th May 1846


To Millers
To be Sold or Let With Possession at Midsummer next
SAXLINGHAM MIILLS
Comprising Freehold WATER_CORN_MILL, Dwelling House, Brick Tower Windmill with requisite Outbuildings and about 13 acres of superior Arable and Meadow Land adjoining.
To be Sold by Private Contract.
Apply to Mr. Reynolds, Boars Head Inn or to Mr. C. E. Bailey, Solr. Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 6th March 1847


13th September 1934
13th September 1934

Capital Estates and Corn Mills at SAXLINGHAM near Norwich
With Possession at Michaelmas next.
Mr. Butcher has received instructions to Sell by Auction at the Bell Inn, Orford Hill, Norwich on Saturday 11 September 1847 at 4 o'c the following most desirable Estate in one Lot comprising
A superior and well situate Freehold WATER_CORN_MILL ...
Adjacent to the Water_Mill is a capital and substantial Brick Tower Windmill with patent sails, winding herself and driving two pairs of stones.
Also a commodious barn with stables and lodges and two pieces of superior Arable and Meadow Land adjoining containing with the site of the buildings 7 acres or thereabouts.
Copyhold, fine arbitrary. Quit rent 9s. ...
The above property forms one of the most complete Mill Estates in the county of Norfolk; it adjoins the turnpike road from Norwich to London and is distant only 7 miles from Norwich and 3 from Long Stratton. Its proximity to the Ipswich & Norwich Railway now constructing being within a mile of the proposed station at Flordon, gives it many superior advantages. The whole Estate is now in the occupation of Messrs. Candler whose lease expires at Michaelmas next.
Apply to Mr. E. C. Bailey, Solr. Little Orford Street or to Mr. Butcher, Auctioneer, Theatre Street, Norwich and at Mr. Bailey's office a Plan of the Estate may be seen.
Norfolk Chronicle - 28th August, 4th & 11th September 1847


Trial of
William Hardy & Henry Goward
October 1847

Dissolution of Partnership:-
Lawrence Candler of Saxlingham &
Horatio Candler of Cringleford
Trading as L. & H. Candler.
Further trading on own account as above.
Norfolk Chronicle - 29th November 1851


Valuable Steam, Water and Wind Mills with neat Residence, Cottage, offices and Land at
Saxlingham Thorpe
About 7 miles from Norwich, 1½ from Flordon Station, Great Eastern Railway
Messrs Butcher are favoured with instructions to Sell by Auction at the Royal Hotel, Norwich on Saturday 14 March 1863 at 3 for 4 o'c
All that important and valuable MILL PROPERTY at Saxlingham Thorpe in Norfolk comprising the substantial and newly erected
STEAM MILL ...
WATER_MILL ... under the same roof
TOWER MILL is about 300 yards from the other Mills and has four floors and stage, patent sails and cast iron wind shaft driving two pair of French stones etc.
RESIDENCE
12 acres Meadow and Arable LAND
The entire Estate is Land Tax redeemed and in the occupation of the Proprietor Mr. Lawrence Candler who will give possession at Michaelmas next.
Particulars of Mr. Candler on the premises, Messrs Brightwell and Son, Solrs, Norwich and of Messrs. Butcher, Auctioneers, Norwich and 21 Bedford Row, London (W.C.)
Norfolk Chronicle - 21st & 28th February & 7th March & Norfolk News - 28th February 1863


SAXLINGHAM MILLS desirably situate in a fine corn district, 7 miles from Norwich and about 1½ miles from Flordon Station of the Great Eastern Railway Company.
THREE SUPERIOR STEAM, WATER & WIND MILLS driving 10 pairs of stones with a neat Residence, good Garden, Cottage, Stabling and numerous outbuildings and about 13 Acres of Fine Meadow and Arable Land, all exonerated from Land Tax.
Messrs Butcher are favoured with instructions to Sell by Auction at the Royal Hotel, Norwich on Saturday 14 March 1863 at 3 for 4 o'c in the Afternoon, the above Important and Valuable Property, particulars of which have appeared in previous advertisements.
N.B. Half the purchase money may remain on mortgage at 4½ per cent for 5 years if desired.
Particulars and conditions of sale may be obtained of Mr. Candler on the Premises, Messrs. Dalrymple & Cooper or Messrs. Brightwell and Son, Solicitors, Norwich and of Messrs. Butcher, Auctioneers, Norwich and 21 Bedford Row, London.
Norfolk News - 7th March 1863


Saxlingham Mills
LAWRENCE CANDLER
In retiring from the business he has carried on at Saxlingham Mills for twenty years returns his best thanks to those friends who have favoured him with their orders and at the same time begs to introduce to their notice and support his successor JOHN MILES of Shotesham who will, he is confident, use every exertion to satisfy those who may extend to him their custom.

JOHN MILES
Begs to inform his Friends and the Public that he has taken the business so long carried on by Mr. L. Candler and takes this opportunity of returning his sincere thanks to those who have so kindly supported him with their patronage for the last eight years and in asking for a continuance of those favours which his predecessor has received, promises by punctual attention to all orders and by the quality and price of his goods to maintain the high character which the Shotesham Mills have enjoyed for so many years.
N.B. All orders left at Mr. T. B. Fuller's, St. Stephens, Norwich, will meet with prompt attention,
Shotesham Mills, 11 July 1863 .
Norfolk Chronicle - 11th July 1863


SAXLINGHAM MILLS near Norwich
J. Caley will Sell by Auction on Wednesday October 7, 1863 by direction of Mr. Lawrence Candler, in consequence of the Mills being Sold
Three Horses ... two Mill Wagons, two Millers Carts etc. ...Mill Machinery ...
Norfolk News - 19th & 26th September 1863


Situations Vacant
WANTED, a steady Man who well understands his Business, to Work a Tower Wind Mill.
Apply A. B., Post Office, Saxlingham.
Norfolk News - 30th September 1865


Situations Vacant
WANTED, a good Practical MILLER with character from last employer.
Apply personally to Mr. J. W. Miles, Saxlingham Mills.
Norfolk News - 21st October 1865


Situations Vacant
WANTED, an active steady Man as helper in a Mill and occasionally to go out with the Retail Cart.
Apply personally to Mr. J. W. Miles, Saxlingham Mills or Corn Hall, Norwich.
Norfolk News - 26th June 1869


Situations Vacant
To Journeymen Millers
WANTED, a good STONEMAN.
Apply personally to J. W. Miles, Saxlingham Mills or at Stand 137, Corn Hall.
Norfolk News - 11th June 1870


Norwich Bankrupts.
... public examinations before Mr. Registrar Cooke at the Norwich Bankruptcy Court on Tuesday (14th) The examinations were conducted by the Official Receiver, Mr. H. P. Gould.
William Lant Duffield, miller and farmer of Tasburgh_Mill and Saxlingham Thorpe. Gross Liabilities £1697. 4s. 2d: deficiency £632. 2s. 2d.
Replying to questions, he said that in 1893 he commenced trading as a miller at Mattishall with a capital of about £130. When he removed to Tasburgh three years later he was worth about £300. In 1897 he took over Flordon_mill with 36 acres of land and at Michaelmas 1906 he hired the Saxlingham mill with 20 acres. Three years afterwards he hired the windmill at Topcroft and a year ago he gave up the Flordon_mill and land ...
... last year a distress was issued for rent ...
... His insolvency was due to want of capital and losses occasioned by the flood of 1912.
Dereham & Fakenham Times - 18th March 1916 (Saturday)


Karl Wood painting 1939
Karl Wood painting 1939

BLACK MILL ENDS IN CLOUD OF DUST

A PART of the scenery of Norfolk vanished forever yesterday when the Black Mill at Saxlingham was demolished to make way for houses.
The land on which the mill stood is owned by Mr. W. O. Duffield, who intends to let several of his employees build private houses there.
Messrs. HEYHOE BROS. demolition expert Mr. R. H. Moore, used three charges of gelignite to 'soften up' the structure and then a larger charge to bring it down. The whole operation was neatly performed, the mill settling gently to the ground within its own circumference.
Built 124 years ago, the mill - apart from serving its allotted purpose - was used by smugglers. Apparently they used to store contraband in the cellar with the ground flour, having previouysly brought it to the village by the river which flows barely 100 yards away. A local expert says the mill was the only one he knew of which had windows facing all the cardinal points of the compass.
These were installed by the smugglers so they could keep an all-round watch. When the smugglers left, the mill went on grinding flour until the turn of the century when it lost its sails and was converted into a house. And so it remained until six months ago; the last inhabitant lived there for 35 years. Finally the Council found trhe place was becoming unfit for human habitation and applied for a demoltion order. They later accepted an undertaking that no one should be allowed to relet it until it had been made fit for habitation. This proved far too expensive and yesterday it came to a spectacular end in a cloud of dust.
Eastern Daily Press - Tuesday 17th June 1958

Notes by Harry Apling regarding the above article:
1. The underground cellar of the mill, so near the river, was probably damp and hardly teh place to store flour
2. The local 'experet' did not seem to know that it was standard practice for tower mills to have windows facing the four quarters. Here thay were staggered, two and two on alternate floors.
3. No evidence seems to be known for this use
4. Did the cellar, whatever its use, give rise to the speculated use?


O.S. Map 2005
O.S. Map 2005
Image reproduced under licence from Ordnance Survey

Karl Wood's painting of 1939 showed the mill with a porch built to the door, a chimney stack to the rear and a 6 or 8 sided pointed cap surmounted by a weathervane.


Kelly's 1854: George Spratt, mill inspector


Candler Family
Edward Candler, 1811 - 1888 was recorded as miller at Bawburgh in 1836 and 1845. His family were Quakers and several of his relatives were also millers. Lawrence Candler 1747 - 1820 was recorded at at Cringleford in 1806 (either the watermill or the postmill). His son Lawrence jnr. 1773 - 1824 was recorded at Cringleford_watermill in 1836 and again in 1845 with Horatio (his brother?). Horatio was again recorded there in 1864 and his son Horace Robert from 1883 - 1908. Lawrence and Horatio were recorded at Saxlingham_Thorpe_watermill from 1845 - 1863; they were also running Saxlingham towermill in 1847. In 1879 and 1883 Horace was also recorded at East_Harling_watermill, where he lived and from at least 1890 - 1896 he was also running Keswick_watermill.

1804: Postmill on the site

White's 1836: Edward Reynolds, corn miller, also water mill

O.S. map 1838: Windmill

21st April 1838: Mill offered for sale by proprietor, Edward Reynolds, having been recently rebuilt as a towermill

1843: Edward Reynolds, miller

March 1843: Mill advertised for sale or let

June 1843: Mill let

White's 1845: Lawrence & Horatio Candler, corn millers

May 1846: Mill advertised for sale by private contract along with the water mill

March 1847: Mill advertised for sale or let along with the water mill

August 1847: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with the water mill

1847: Lawrence & Horatio Candler, millers and William Hardy, mill manager

4th October 1847:
William Hardy (employee) and Henry Goward (publican) convicted of stealing wheat from the mill and were both transported to Australia for 7 years.

November 1851: Partnership of Lawrence Candler & Horatio Candler dissolved

White's 1854: Lawrence Candler, corn miller

February 1863: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with the water mill

1863: John Miles, miller took over from Lawrence Candler

September 1863: Mill carts and machinery etc. advertised for sale by auction on behalf of Lawrence Candler

White's 1864: John Wakelin Miles, corn miller

Kelly's 1879: John W. Miles, miller & farmer

White's 1883: John Wakelin Miles, landowner, farmer & miller

White's 1890: John Wakelin Miles, landowner, farmer, miller & manure agent

O.S. map 1905: Windmill

1926: Mill worked by an engine

Karl Wood painting 1939: Tower with pointed roof and weathervane. Residential with porch and chimney at rear

O.S. map 1956: Windmill

Monday 16th June 1958: Mill demolished with gelignite to make way for housing

c.1965: Bungalow built on mill site

1971: Miss Gillian Oldman, Millstones, Black Mill Lane

If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 01263 713658 or

Nat Grid Ref TM21019757
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