Horsham St Faith
smockmill


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Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

Horsham St Faith smock mill was a 3 storey mill that stood on the hill above the old Norwich Road in sight of the the nearby watermill and the two were under the same ownership at least once during their years of operation. By 1891 the mill was no longer in use and occupied part of the site later taken by the 20th century St Faith's crematorium.


In 1849 the mill was advertised for sale with a single pair of patent sails but by 1853 the mill was using one pair of common sails and one pair of patent sails to drive one pair of 4ft 6ins and one pair of 4ft 8ins French burr stones; a fantail turned the mill into the wind. In 1866 the mill was again advertised for sale with a single pair of patent sails but by 1874 it was working with two pairs of patent sails.


By 1872 the windmill was being run in conjunction with a steam mill that had been built in a separate building on the same site. The 5 h.p. steam mill drove a single pair of 4 ft stones, a flour mill and jumper.


William Stackwood moved from where he had been working at Gt_Ellingham_towermill c.1867, having lost his wife Elizabeth and possibly also two of his children. In the last quarter of 1867 he married again at St Faith's, this time to a local girl, Jemima Rayner. However, by 1881 William Stackwood had moved to Marsham where he was working as journeyman miller at Bolwick_watermill.


HORSHAM ST. FAITH
To be Sold by Private Contract (with immediate possession if required)
Dwelling house, Grocer's shop & Baking office ...
Also a Smock WIND FLOUR MILL driving two pairs of French stones with 2 spring sails and all the requisite tackle & apparatus & about 2 roods of Land situate at St. Faith's near the House of Industry.
Both the properties in the occupation of Mr. Stephen Ewing, the proprietor of whom further particulars as to price & outgoings etc. may be had on application to him or to Mr. James Winter Solr. St. Giles Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle & Norwich Gazette - 14th & 21st July 1849

ST. FAITHS & NEWTON ST. FAITH
To be Sold by Private Contract with immediate possession if required.
A Powerful SMOCK TOWER WINDMILL working 2 pair of excellent French stones, 4 ft. 6 ins. & 4 ft. 8 ins. Flour Mill, Winding Tackle, 2 spring patent & 2 common Sails in good repair with about half an acre of Freehold Land situate at St. Faiths near the Union House.
Also a substantial built Freehold brick & tiled double Dwelling house, Bake office, Grocer's shop etc.
Both properties are in the occupation of Mr. Stephen Ewing the Proprietor.
Particulars from him on the premises.

Norfolk Chronicle - 9th & 16th July 1853

HORSHAM ST. FAITH Without Reserve. To Millers & others.
To be Sold by Auction by Mr. Wm. Hunter at the Black Swan Inn, Horsham St. Faiths on Thursday November 15, 1866 at 4 for 5 o'c.
A Substantially erected Freehold Tower Timber built WINDMILL having three floors, two patent sails, drives two pairs of French stones, with piece of Land containing about half an acre situate near the Union House in the populous village of Horsham St. Faiths about 4 miles from Norwich, lately occupied by Mr. Richard Eglington deceased. The mill winds herself.
Immediate possession may be had.
Apply to Mr. Abel Tillett, Solr. 8 St. Andrews Street, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle & Norfolk News - 27th October, 3rd & 10th November 1866

Richard Eglington, miller, farmer and owner of the windmill and the watermill, died on 6th August 1866 leaving his wife Mary as executrix.


It would appear that William Buckenham bought the smockmill and watermill some time after 1866 and when he decided to move on to the larger Wramplingham_watermill around 1872, he put the smockmill and steam mill on the market in August of that year. It did not immediately sell and he was still advertising the sale in April 1875. However, in October 1872 he had advertised the mills for rent and took William Webb on as a tenant. The mill was again advertised to be let in September 1873, indicating that William Webb had left. William Buckenham was still advertising the mill to be let in September 1875.


Houses etc.
TO MILLERS & OTHERS
FOR SALE with possession at Michaelmas, ST. FAITHS MILLS, four miles from Norwich, the Tower Windmill drives 2 Pairs of Stones; also a detached Steam Mill with 3 Floors fitted with 5 horse Engine & 1 Pair of 4 feet Stones, Flour Mill & Jumper.
Also a good Dwelling house & Garden & half an acre of Land. The Mills stand in the midst of a large population & command a large retail trade. Sold in consequence of taking a larger concern.
For particulars apply to the Proprietors at the Mills.

Norfolk News - 14th September 1872

Houses etc.
TO MILLERS & OTHERS
FOR SALE, a Windmill. Also Detached STEAM MILL, doing a good trade.
Apply to Mr. Buckenham, St. Faiths.

Norfolk News - 21st September 1872

Houses etc.
TO LET, a WIND MILL & STEAM MILL doing a good Retail Trade.
Apply to Mr. Buckenham, St. Faiths.

Norfolk News - 5th October 1872

Situations Vacant
WANTED, an experienced Single MAN for a Wind & Steam Mill.
Apply to Mr. William Webb, Miller, St. Faiths.

Norfolk News - 26th October 1872

Houses etc.
To Millers
TO LET, the WINDMILL & Small Compact STEAM MILL at St. Faith's.
Apply to Mr. Wm. Buckenham, Wramplingham Mills.

Norfolk News - 6th September 1873

Houses etc.
FOR SALE on easy terms, the WINDMILL & STEAM MILL well situated for trade at St. Faith's.
Apply William Buckenham, Wramplingham Mills.

Norfolk News - 13th December 1873

Miscellaneous
FOR SALE, a WINDMILL. Four Patent Sails. Two pair of Stones, half an acre of Land.
Price £100.
Apply at Wramplingham Mills.

Norfolk News - 29th August 1874

Houses etc.
FOR SALE, the WINDMILL at St. Faith's. Stands well for Wind & Trade. Price £100.
Apply Wm. Buckenham Wramplingham.

Norfolk News - 5th September 1874

Houses etc.
ST FAITH'S
TO LET, WINDMILL. STEAM MILL, DWELLING HOUSE & PREMISES.
Half-Acre of Land. Rent 18.
Apply William Buckenham,
Wramplingham Mills.
Norfolk News - 20th March 1875

Houses etc.
ST FAITH'S
FOR SALE. St. Faith's WIND-MILL, STEAM-MILL, Double Dwelling house, new Premises, Yard & Garden, half an acre of Land.
Price £250.
Apply William Buckenham,
Wramplingham Mills.
Norfolk News - 24th April 1875

Houses etc.
ST FAITH'S
TO LET, the WINDMILL with Double Dwelling house, good Premises & half an acre of Land.
Rent £20.
Apply William Buckenham,
Wramplingham Mills.
Norfolk News - 4th September 1875

James Mobbs is favoured with instructions to Sell by Auction at the Royal Hotel, Norwich on Saturday 13 May 1882 at 12 for 1 o'c at noon, the following highly valuable PROPERTY in two Lots.
AT HORSHAM ST, FAITH'S
Lot 2. The Piece of LAND with the TOWER MILL thereon, occupied by Mr. Randall & adjoining property belonging to Lord Ranelagh.
Particulars of Messrs. Bavin & Daynes, 11 Exchange Street, Norwich, Vendor's Solrs., Messrs. Keith, Blake & Co., Solrs. The Chantry, Norwich, of M. S. Emerson, Esq. Solr. Rampant Horse Street, Norwich & at the Auctioneer's Offices, Orford Hill, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 22nd & 29th April & 6th May 1882

O. S. Map 1880-82
O. S. Map 1880-82
Courtesy of NLS map images

O. S. Map 1881
O. S. Map 1881
Courtesy of NLS map images


O.S. Map 2005
O.S. Map 2005
Image reproduced under licence from Ordnance Survey

1849: Stephen Ewing, miller

July 1849: Mill advertised for sale by private contract

1854: Stephen Ewing, miller

July 1853: Mill advertised for sale by private contract

White's 1854: Stephen Ewing, corn miller & baker

Index of Wills 1854: Stephen Ewing

1866: Richard Eglington snr, miller - also at Horsham St Faith watermill

6th August 1866: Richard Eglington snr, died 6th August.
His Water Corn Mill to be let

Census 1871: William Stackwood snr (34) b.Carbrooke, miller (employee)
Jemima Stackwood (28) b.Horsham St Faith's
John Stackwood (13) b.Carbrooke, scholar
William Stackwood jnr (8) b.Great Ellingham
Charles Stackwood (7 mnths) b.Horsham St Faith's
Address: Back Street, next door to general store

c.1870: Steam mill built alongside windmill

1872: William Buckenham, owner

September 1872: Mill advertised for sale along with adjacent steam mill

October 1872: Mill advertised to be let along with adjacent steam mill

1872: William Webb, tenant miller

September 1873: Mill advertised to be let along with adjacent steam mill

1874: William Buckenham of Wramplingham watermill, owner

August 1874: Mill advertised for sale

April 1875: Mill advertised for sale along with adjacent steam mill

September 1875: Mill advertised to be let

1882: Mr. Randall, occupier

April 1882: Mill advertised for sale by auction

O.S. map 1891-92: Windmill (disused)


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Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2005