East Dereham
Quebec Road
postmill

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Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

c.1890
c.1890

Dereham postmill stood in Mill Lane, which later became Quebec Road. The mill had an octagonal tiled roundhouse and the fantail was on a carriage. Although the mill would have originally been built with common sails, in later years it was using two pairs of double shuttered sails, each with 8 bays of 3 shutters that drove two pairs of stones. In 1761 the mill was leased with two pairs of stones, in 1834 the mill was advertised with only one pair of stones but there were two pairs again by 1860.

A postmill stood in East Dereham in the 1200s when it was recorded in the survey of 1250, undertaken in the 21st year of Hugh de Norwold, Bishop of Ely, who was consecrated on 10th June 1229. the location cannot be verified but there is a reasonable possibility that it was the Quebec Road site.

The Bishop ... There are two watermills and one windmill and the Bishop might erect another if he pleased.
Blomefield's History

c.1890
c.1890

In the first of Elizabeth this manor et. etc. were granted to the Crown ... ; in that year the rent ... a mill £6. 0s. 0d.
Bishop of Ely's Manor - 1558-59

c.1890
c.1890

There was a windmill on Windmill Hill in 1623 A.D. ... not the identical mill but one which had most probably occupied the same site as the Bishop's mill since 1277. It was a post mill & occupied the site of Mr. Pallett's house up Windmill Lane (later Quebec Road) and was pulled down about 1893 A.D.
Boston & Puddy - 1952

... enclosures are mentioned frequently in the earlier manorial court books. Thus in 1626 occurs:
Two acres of land lying enclosed at the north end of the town of East Dereham lying next the mound of the windmill in East Dereham.
(translated from Latin)
Boston & Puddy - 1952

In September 1761 John West leased the mill to James West and listed the all the mill stones within the mill.
Head of the mill:
Runner stone:
Bed Stone:
French burr - 5ft. diameter and 7ins. thick at the skirt
French burr - 5ft. diameter and 6ins. thick at the skirt
Tail of the mill:
Runner stone:
Bed Stone:
Peak - 4ft. diameter and 3ins. thick at the skirt
Peak - 4ft. diameter and 4ins. thick at the skirt

LEASE of a House & Windmill in East Dereham for 21 years. John West to James West. 30 September 1761.
(Parties) John West, of East Dereham in the County of Norfolk,
Miller &
James WEST of East Dereham aforesaid, Miller

ALL THAT Messuage or tenement of the said John West with the Outhouses, Stable, yards, Ground & appurtenances … against a certain highway there leading from East Dereham to North Elmham & also all that Windmill commonly called or known by the name of East Dereham Windmill, with the Sails, Stones & all other the Going geers, Iron & Leaden Weights, Members & Appurtenances … from the 10 th day of October next ensuing for the term of 21 years … annual Rent Fifteen pounds … half yearly 5th April & 10th October .. James West, his Executors, Administrators & Assigns to maintain & keep the cogs & staves for the Going Geers of the said windmill in good & sufficient Repair … & at the end of the said term yield up unto the said term yield up unto the said John West, his Heirs or Assigns a pair of French Stones at the Head of the said windmill whereof the Bed Stone to measure Six Inches in thickness at the skirt & five feet Diameter & the Runner or Upper Stone Seven Inches in Thickness at the skirt & five feet Diameter & also shall & will leave at the Tail of the said Mill a Cullen Bed Stone & Peak Stone whereof the Cullen Bed Stone to measure Four Inches in thickness at the Skirt & four feet Diameter & the Runner or Peak Stone Three Inches in thickness at the Skirt & four feet Diameter. And that the said James West his Executors & Administrators shall & will pay & allow to the said John West his Heirs & Assigns at the rate of Twenty Shillings per Inch for every Inch that shall be wanting in the measurement of the said French Stones at the Skirt & Ten Shillings per Inch for every Inch that shall be wanting in the measure of the said Cullen Bed stone & Peak Stone at the Skirt. In consideration whereof he the said John West doth hereby for himself his Heirs & Assigns promise & agree to pay & allow to the said James West his Executors & Administrators for every Inch there shall be above the stated measure of the said Stones according to the several rates aforesaid. And also that in case the said James West his Executors or Administrators shall lay up a pair of French Stones in the Tail of the said Mill, instead of the Cullen Bed Stone & Peak Stone, Then he the said John West, his Heirs or Assigns shall & will at the End of other sooner Determination of his Demise pay & allow to the said James West, his Executors & Administrators at the rate of Fifteen Shillings per Inch for every Inch the said French Stones so laid up at the Tail of the said Mill shall measure in thickness at the Skirt, provided the same do not measure less than Three Feet Diameter.
Norfolk Record Office


c.1892
c.1892

John West, formerly of the Parish of How [Hoe?] late of Market Dereham, both in the county of Norfolk, Miller, a prisoner for debt in the Castle of Norwich.
London Gazette - 7-11th April 1761

To be SOLD by AUCTION
Friday 10 December 1773
at the George Inn, Dereham
6 Acres of Land (more or less) ...
opposite the Windmill in East Dereham aforesaid ...

Norfolk Chronicle - 4th December 1773

Claim 156: Thomas Grounds claimed amongst other premises and lands a messuage with a windmill, outhouses, etc. in the occupation of John Norton.
Enclosure Award - 1815

To be Sold by Private Contract. A new built brick Messuage and Flour Shop situate next the road leading from East Dereham to Elmham, together with a capital Post Windmill, with one pair of French stones, and now in full trade, with round house, barn, stable, warehouse, granary, cow-house and other outbuildings, situate in East Dereham in Norfolk, now in the occupation of Mr. Samuel Norton, who is about retiring from business.
The premises have possessed an established trade for upwards of thirty years, and for the last five has had a Baking Trade annexed, and is situated about a furlong from the town. Possession may be had at Michaelmas next.

Norfolk Chronicle - 26th July 1834

To be Sold by Private Contract. A capital Post Windmill, situate next the road leading from East Dereham to Elmham.
The dwelling house is now in the occupation of William Kitteringham.
Norfolk Chronicle - 9th August 1834


Tithe Award 1840
Map. Pratt & Son, Surveyors, Norwich, 1839

Owner:
Occupier:
Samuel Norton
William Chapman
   
No. 286 Mill & Yard 0a. 1r. 24p. £1

To Millers & others.
To be Sold by Private Contract.

A capital Post Wind Mill driving a pair of 4 ft. 10 ins.
French Stones, with a cast iron shaft & all going gears complete.
Enquire of Mr. Thomas Cooper, East Dereham.
Norfolk Chronicle - 22nd February 1840


John Norton married Henrietta (née Howard) and they had a son, Samuel Norton, who was baptised in July 1800. Samuel Norton married Mary Elvin.

Dereham
To Millers To be Sold by Private Contract
A substantial new built Brick & Tiled Messuage or Dwelling House comprising … pleasantly situated next the Road leading from East Dereham to Elmham together with a capital Post Windmill with one pair of French stones & now in full trade, with roundhouse, barn, stable, warehouse, granary, cow house, piggeries & other convenient outbuildings, garden & land to the same adjoining, situate in East Dereham in Norfolk, now in the occupation of Mr. Samuel Norton who is retiring from business.
Also a substantial Cottage adjoining the above Premises, with coal house & outbuildings in the occupation of William Ketteringham. The Premises are most desirably situated for Trade & will be found well worthy of notice possessing an established trade for upwards of 30 years & for the last five has had a Baking Trade annexed, is situated about a furlong from the town & Possession may be had at Michaelmas next.
Also a Piece of excellent Arable Land situate on Toftwood Common in East Dereham aforesaid containing by admeasurement one acre two roods & 24 perches.
The Premises (except 0a. 3r. 28p. part of the piece of Land on Toftwood Common which is Freehold) are Copyhold of the Manor of Dearham of the Queen.
Apply to Mr. Samuel Norton who will shew the Premises.
The Purchaser may be accommodated with a sum of money to remain on security of the Premises.

Norfolk Chronicle - 26th July & 9th August 1834

John Armes, formerly of Quebec Mill, Parish of East Dereham, Norfolk, first a miller and then a miller & baker and now of Baxter Row in the said Parish, baker & dealer in flour. An insolvent Debtor. To appear at the County Court of Norfolk at East Dereham 5 April next.
London Gazette - 9th March 1849


John Armes, formerly of Quebec Mill, Parish of East Dereham, Norfolk.
Final Order 2 May next.
London Gazette - 13th April 1849


Valuable Post Mill, Eleven Cottages & Piece of Arable Land
Producing altogether an annual rental of £105.16s.0d. per annum.
East Dereham
Wm. Spelman & Sons
Have received instructions from the Executors of Mr. Samuel Norton deceased to Sell by Auction at the Kings Arms Inn, East Dereham on Friday May 18, 1860 at 3 for 4 o’c the following desirable Property situate at East Dereham
Lot 1. A POST WINDMILL, commodious Residence with Cottage, small Bake-office, Pollard Granary, Stable, Cart shed & other out-buildings situate in the Quebec Road. The Mill drives two pair of French Stones, has a spacious round-house, patent sails (nearly new), winding tackle, flour mill etc. The Premises from their contiguity to the town are remarkably well adapted for a retail trade & the whole are in good repair.
The above is in the occupation of Mr. R.C. Howlett & his under-tenants under a lease which will expire at Michaelmas 1863 at a rental of £60 per annum. The above is Copyhold of the Manor of East Dereham of the Queen except the Mill Tackle etc. which is of the nature of personal property.
Also a PIECE of FREEHOLD LAND adjoining the above occupied by Mr. Scraggs.
Particulars of Messrs. Norton & Reeve, Solrs. Lowestoft, & the Auctioneers, Norwich & Yarmouth.

Norfolk Chronicle - 5th & 12th May 1860 & Norfolk News - 28th April & 5th & 12th May 1860

Quebec Road. East Dereham
Messrs. Spelman have received instructions to Sell by Auction on Friday July 25, 1862 at 3 or 4 o’c at the Kings Arms Inn, East Dereham a POST WINDMILL drives 2 pairs French stones, has a spacious roundhouse, patent sails, winding tackle, flour mill etc. A Commodious Residence with Cottage, Bake office, Granary, ?????
Norfolk Chronicle & Norfolk News - 5th, 12th & 19th July 1862

Sale of Pleasantly situated Freehold Property
Lot 1. Two recently & substantially built Brick & Slate semi-detached spacious HOUSES, each house containing Entrance Hall, Drawing room, Dining room, large Kitchen, Store room, Scullery, Coal house, Dustbin, Privy, Three Bedrooms, Two Dressing rooms. Grass Plat & Flower Garden at the front & small Garden at the back, situate next the Quebec Road on the east, adjoining property belonging to the late Mr. Rix’s Executors on the South & West & Lot 2 on the North; now in the occupation of Miss Clarke & Mrs. Nicholson, at the annual aggregate rent of £37. Freehold.
N.B. The wall dividing this Lot from the late Mr. Rix’s property belongs to & will be sold with this Lot. Possession of this Lot on completion of the purchase.
Lot 2. All that Brick & Tile MESSUAGE containing Sitting room, Parlour, Two Kitchens, Store room, Scullery, Washhouse, Privy, Four Bedrooms, Two dressing rooms, Bake Office, Flour Chamber; POST WINDMILL in good working condition, Stables, spacious Cart Shed, Piggeries & other Outbuildings, situate next Lot 1 on the South, on the West & North by property belonging to the Executors of the late Mr. Rix & the late Rev. Frost, now in the occupation of Mr. Howlett, Annual Rent £40. Freehold.
This Lot is sold subject to the Life Interest of Mr. Howlett, the present occupier, whose age is 62.
N.B. Both Lots are amply supplied with water from the Waterworks the gulleys, cisterns & drains all new, recently & efficiently completed by the Local Board of East Dereham.
T. Cranmer is honoured with instructions from the Trustees of the late Mr. Edgar Smith to Sell by Auction at the Kings Arms Hotel, East Dereham on Wednesday July 20, 1887.
Sale at 4 for 5 o’c precisely.
Particulars & Conditions of Sale to be obtained of Messrs. Pearce Paris & Smith, Vendors’ Solicitors, Southampton & of the Auctioneer.

Also Lynn Advertiser same dates.
Norfolk Chronicle & Lynn Advertiser - 9th & 16th July 1887

Thos. Cranmer’s sale, 20 July 1887
By order of the Executors of the late Mr. Edgar Smith.
Brick & tile messuage and post windmill, in good working condition, stables and outbuildings, situate next Lot 1 (i.e. two houses in Quebec Road) now in the occupation of Mr. Howlett; annual rent £40. This lot sold subject to the life interest of Mr. Howlett, the present occupier, whose age is 62.
Sold to Mr. Robert S. Howlett for £120
Note.

Robert S. Howlett appears to have mortgaged the property, but to have defaulted in respect of repayment. Property sold 10 October 1891 on instructions from the mortgagee.
Dereham & Fakenham Times - 23rd July 1887

1884 site map
1884 site map

Quebec Road, East Dereham
T.H. Warren
Is instructed by the mortgagee to Sell by Auction at the Kings Arms Hotel, East Dereham on Wednesday 7 October all that Freehold Brick & Tiled
DWELLING HOUSE
With the usual offices, POST WIND-MILL, BAKE OFFICE, Flour Chamber & other outbuildings now in the occupation of Mr. Howlett. Particulars in due course of Messrs. Barton & Vores, Solicitors East Dereham & of the Auctioneer, St. Nicholas’ Hall, East Dereham

Lynn Advertiser - 19th & 26th September & 3rd October 1891

Mr. T.H. Warren, instructed by the mortgagee offered for sale at the King’s Arms Hotel on Wednesday freehold property situate next the Quebec Road, East Dereham, comprising brick & tiled dwelling house, post windmill with two pairs of stones, bake office with 30 stone oven, flour chamber, stables, cart sheds, piggeries and other outbuildings, now in the occupation of Mr. R. Howlett. Sold to Mr. George Barton of the King’s Arms Hotel for £420. Messrs. Barton & Vores were the solicitors for the mortgagee.
Dereham & Fakenham Times - 10th October 1891



Wandering about without any special motive, we found ourselves in the outskirts of the place. Seeing a windmill a little way off, we made for this in the hope of obtaining a view of the surrounding country, for experience has taught us that, as a rule, from the spot whereupon a windmill stands a good view may be had. These structures when possible are placed upon a height and as buildings and trees obstruct their motive power, their immediate surroundings are mostly open, so that there is nothing to interrupt the prospect. This mill was one of the picturesque, if not profitable, old-fashioned sort, the whole structure turning on a pivot. We noticed that the front which of necessity has to face the wind and storms was weather-stained and its painting faded: the contrast of the of the windward side with the other was most marked, yet though I have seen many of these old mills in pictures (for they are favourite subjects with artists) never have I noticed any attention paid to this face.
A Tour in a Phaeton through Eastern Counties - James John Hissey 1889

The octagonal roundhouse remained as a storehouse for another fifty years or so after the mill was dismantled.
Nelson Secker, Dereham - 4th March 1978

O.S. Map 1882
O.S. Map 1882
Courtesy of NLS map images

1250: Windmill recorded in a survey undertaken by Hugh de Norwold, Bishop of Ely

Bishop of Ely's manorial records 1558-59: Mill

1623: Windmill

1626: Mention of windmill mound in manorial court book

Map c.1757: Open trestle postmill with mill house

April 1761: John West, miller, imprisoned in Norwich Castle gaol for debt

30th September, 1761: John West leased the mill and house to James West for 21 years for £15 per annum

Map of Commons & Waste Lands 1781: Postmill on roundhouse. Map dated by Dr. Puddy

1790: John Norton, miller

Faden's map 1797: Mill

Enclosure Award 1815: Thomas Grounds, owner; John Norton, occupier

1822: John Norton, miller

c.1829: Baking Office set up as an annexe to the mill

Index of wills 1830: John Norton, miller

Pigot's 1830: Samuel Norton, miller, Pound Lane

1834: Samuel Norton, miller

July 1834: Mill advertised for sale by private contract

White's 1836: William Chapling, corn miller, Mill Lane

Tithe Award 1840: Samuel Norton: Owner; William Chapman, occupier

February 1840: Mill advertised for sale by private contract with 1 pair of stones and a cast iron windshaft

White's 1845: John Armes, corn miller, Mill Lane

1849: John Armes to appear in court re insolvency, having left the mill

1850: Robert Curry Howlett, miller

Census 1851: Thomas Curry (50) b.Gaywood, miller (employee)
Rebecca Curry (44) b.Middleton
Address: Mill Lane

White's 1854: Robert C. Howlett, corn miller, Quebec Rd

May 1860: Mill advertised for sale by auction with R. C. Howlett as tenant at £60 per annum

July 1862: Mill sold by auction

White's 1864: Robert C. Howlett, corn miller, Quebec Rd

1875: Robert Curry Howlett, miller

Kelly's 1879: William Miles, miller, Quebec Rd

White's 1883: John Keeley, miller, Quebec Rd

July 1887: Mill advertised for sale by auction with R. C. Howlett aged 62 as tenant at £60 per annum

O.S. map 1887-92: Quebec Windmill (Corn)

10th October 1891: Mill sold on instructions of mortgagee as Robert Howlett had defaulted on payment
10th October 1891: Mill bought by George Barton of the Kings Arms Hotel for £420

Kelly's 1892: Robert Howlett, miller (wind), Quebec Rd

c.1893: Mill demolished

Kelly's 1896: Arthur S. Bidwell, private resident, 37 Quebec Road (old Mill House)

c.1900: Mill site bought by J.P. Bradley, ironmonger, who built houses on it

c.1982: Site of mill within gardens of 34A/B, Quebec Road; Mill House renamed Brinkley, 37 Quebec Road


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