Alburgh
postmill

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Drainage Mills (Windpumps)
Steam Mills
Watermills

c.1890
c.1890

Alburgh post mill had a single storey roundhouse and a tailpole. The mill was powered by two common sails and two double shuttered patent sails, each with 7 bays of 3 shutters and 1 bay of 2 shutters.

The mill was almost certainly Hardwick_west_postmill that had been brought the 4 miles to Alburgh on a trolley by its builder, millwright Stephen Cox c.1826, which would mean that it was probably erected to replace the earlier mill destroyed by fire in May 1819. The mill was then reputed to be the biggest postmill in the county.

The mill stood some 150 yds southwest of Mill Farm, which was on the oposite side of the road. The mill was not connected with the farm and had its own Mill House and smallholding of 7 acres, 1 rood, 26 perches.

In its early years, the mill and its site appear to have been owned by the Gower family, who at times lived in the Mill House. However, it also appears that the mill was worked by or let to various other millers.


Stephen Cox the millwright was born c.1815 at Mendham and in 1841, 1851 and 1871 worked as a miller. He was living at Hardwick c.1864 and in 1869 and 1871 was living at Aldburgh and was also a farmer. No other reference found to him working as a millwright. His son, Stephen Cox the miller was born at Woodham Mortimer, Essex in 1850.


Wanted a single man as Miller. Apply R. C. Harvey, Alburgh, Harleston, Norfolk.
Ipswich Journal - 9th March 1816

Monday last near Harleston, the Tower Wind Mill of Mr. Harvey, Alburgh, was entirely consumed by fire, supposed to have originated by the overheating of the gudgeons.
Suffolk Chronicle & Weekly Advertiser & County Express - 22nd May 1819

Tithe Award 1843
Map, Newton & Woodrow, Norwich, 1840
Owner Charlotte SUTTON
Occupier John BARBER

No. 77
Windmill
Pasture
34p
9d
No 78/82
House etc
 
7a. 0r. 32p
£2 1s 3d

It appears that Robert Harvey and Edward Hill were involved in the running of several mills including Alburgh postmill, Wortwell Mil Hill postmill, Wortwell postmill and Wortwell watermill.


Commission of bankruptcy against
Robert Crytoft HARVEY of Alburgh
Edward HILL of Wortwell
Millers, Flour Merchants, Dealers & Chapman, co-partners in Trade to surrender 26 January instant.

Norfolk Chronicle - 7th January 1826

Commission of Bankrupt dated 24 Dec. 1825 against Robert Crytoft Harvey, of Alburgh, Co. of Norfolk, and Edward Hill, of Wortwell, said Co., Millers and Flour Merchants. Accounts to be audited.
London Gazette - 21st March 1828


Re Commission of Bankrupt hearing date 24 December 1825 awarded & issued forth against ROBERT CRYTOFT HARVEY of Alburgh & EDWARD HILL of Wortwell, Millers & Flour Merchants …
Meeting of Commissioners 27 May 1829

Norfolk Chronicle - 9th May 1829

Commission of Bankrupt awarded against Robert Croft Harvey of Alburgh in the Co. of Norfolk, and Edward Hill of Wortwell in the said Co., Millers and Flour Merchants and Co-partners.
Harvey to be issued with certificate 5 November next.
London Gazette - 15th October 1830


Hill v. Saunders. - This was an action brought by Mr. Edward Hill, an extensive miller residing in Dickleburgh, against the defendent, a baker who is living in the same parish. The parties it was stated had had considerable transactions for several years and there being an unsettled account between them, the defendent was requested to give a note of hand for the balance which might be found to be due. He accordingly gave a blank note of hand to the plaintiff in which was afterwards inserted the sum of 384l. 12s. 2d. as the amount due from the defendant to the plaintiff. This sum the defendant distrusted, considering it was much more than he owed, and representing by his Counsel that on the balance of accounts there was actually a sum of thirty odd pounds due to him from the plaintiff.
Mr. Kelly having briefly stated the case, the same was referred by the consent of parties to Mr. James Smith Rump, or Norwich, and a verdict for 384l. 12s. 2d. taken for the plaintiff, subject to such reference.
Norfolk Chronicle - 4th April 1840


MR. DEBENHAM
Is instructed to Sell by Auction at the Kings Head Inn, Bungay on Monday March 28, at 3 for 4 o’c in four lots the following VALUABLE FREEHOLD ESTATE
Lot 3. A Desirable Property known as “ALBURGH MILL”, Alburgh, Norfolk with Dwelling house, Building & nearly 8 Acres of productive Land, let to Mr. COX on lease for four years unexpired at £50 per annum.

Particulars & Plans may be obtained at the place of Sale, of Wm. HARTUP, Esq. Solicitor, Bungay & of Mr. DEBENHAM, Auctioneer, Land surveyor & Estate Agent, 80 Cheapside, London, who will forward them by post on application.
Norfolk News - 12th March 1859

Charles LENNEY is instructed to Sell by Auction at the Kings Head Inn, Bungay on Monday April 18, 1859 at 3 for 4 o’c in four lots the following valuable estates:-
Lot 3.
A Capital POST WINDMILL on brick roundhouse, situate in Alburgh, Norfolk, with Dwelling House, Buildings & nearly 8 acres of productive Land, let to Mr. COX on lease for four years unexpired at £50 per annum.

Apply to Wm. HARTCUP Esq. Solr. Bungay or the Auctioneer, Wissett near Halesworth.
Norfolk Chronicle - 9th April & 16th April 1859

ALDOUS - COX
On the 22nd November, at the parish church, Alburgh, by the Rev - COMBE, John, fifth son of Mr. William ALDOUS, earthenware manufacturer, Beccles, to Susannah, third daughter of Mr Stephen COX, miller, Alburgh, near Harleston, Norfolk.
East Suffolk Gazette & Bungay Weekly News - 30th November 1869

ALBURGH, Norfolk
MADDISON & MILES are instructed by the Executors of Mr. S. COX, deceased to Sell by Auction at the Swan Hotel, Harleston, on Monday 13 June 1887 at 7 o’c in two Lots a convenient
OCCUPATION
Containing 7a. 2r. 2p. of Arable & pasture LAND, with DWELLING HOUSE & Freehold Post WINDMILL. Also spacious Blacksmith’s & Wheelwright’s Shops, with Dwelling House & Garden. Messrs. HAZARD & PRATT, Harleston, Vendors’ Solrs.
Auctioners’ Offices Cantley, Yarmouth & Harleston.

Norfolk Chronicle - 28th May 1887


ALBURGH, Norfolk
MADDISON & MILES are instructed by the Executors of Mr. S. COX, deceased to Sell by Auction at the Swan Hotel, Harleston on Monday 13 June 1887 at 6 for 7 o’c in the evening, in Two Lots
A Desirable OCCUPATION containing 7a. 2r. 2p. of Arable & Pasture LAND with Brick & Tile RESIDENCE, PREMISES & Freehold Post WINDMILL in good working order, late in the deceased’s occupation; also a Freehold DWELLING HOUSE near Lot 1 with spacious Blacksmith’s & Wheelwright’s shop. All Land Tax Redeemed.
Messrs. HAZARD & PRATT, Harleston,
Vendors’ Solicitors.
Auctioneers’ Offices Cantley, Yarmouth & Harleston.

Norfolk Chronicle - 4th June 1887


MADDISON & MILES
ALBURGH MILL Friday 7 October 1887
Sale of Stock in Trade & other Effects for the Executors of Mr. S. COX, deceased.

Norfolk Chronicle - 24th September 1887


Was a post mill. Cox had it. It got out of repair and was pulled down some 40 years ago.
Mr. Farrow - 1948


Mr. Herbert George Cox, of the Wellington Inn, at Chediston Green, near Halesworth, Suffolk, where he has been a licensee for thirty-five years and is now retiring, is the third generation of a south Norfolk milling family. He is 71 years of age.
“My grandfather, Stephen Cox", says Mr. Cox, “was a mill-wright. My father Stephen was a miller.
My grandfather built the post mill at Hardwick, Norfolk, and moved it on a trolley to Alburgh. Then he erected a brick round house for it. Its sails were so light that there were days when they would be turned, but those of other mills for miles round were stationary. They were made of sail cloth. This was the biggest post mill in Norfolk”.
Milling - 15th March 1958


Alburgh map 1883
O.S. Map 1883
Courtesy of NLS map images


Land Tax 1797-1829: Mill site owned by Thomas Gower, farmer, Flixton, Suffolk

Land Tax 1797-1811: Mill site occupied by John Gower

March 1812: John Gower died aged 75

1812: Thomas Gower snr., owner & occupier

1813: Thomas Gower snr., owner & occupier

1814-1817: Thomas Gower jnr., owner & occupier

1816: Robert Crytoft Harvey, miller

1818: William Woolnough, occupier & miller

1819: William Woolnough, occupier & miller

17th May 1819: Mill destroyed by fire - Robert Harvey, owner

1820: Thomas Gower, owner & occupier

1821-1824: John Rackham, occupier

1825-1827: Thomas Gower, owner & occupier

September 182
5: Edward Hill & Robert Harvey, bankrupt

Bryant's map 1826: MIll

1828-1841: John Moore

1828-1830: Robert C. Harvey & Edward Hill, millers

1830: Robert C. Harvey & Edward Hill, bankrupt

1830-1832: Admiral Sutton, owner

Greenwood's map 1834: Mill


White's 1836: John Moore, corn miller

Census 1841:

John Moore (35) b.Norfolk, miller
Elizabeth Moore (35) b.Norfolk
William Moore (11) b.Norfolk


Tithe Award 1843: Charlotte Sutton, owner

Tithe Award 1843: Charlotte Sutton, owner; John Barber, occupier

1844: William Barber, miller

White's 1845: William Barber, corn miller

1846: William Barber, miller

Census 1851:

Edward Dunn (26) b.Newton St Faith, miller
Elizabeth Dunn (28) b.Topcroft

Caroline Dunn (4) b.Hardwick
Mary Ann Dunn (3) b.Hedenham
Charles Dunn (1) b.Hedenham
Matthew Beam (19) b.Saxlingham, lodger & journeyman miller


7th March 1852:

Maria Dunn, labourer at the mill, daughter of Edward Dunn, miller, & Elizabeth Dunn, baptized


White's 1854: Isaiah Dunn, miller & shopkeeper

1856: Isaiah Dunn, miller & shopkeeper

1858: Stephen Cox snr, tenant miller & farmer

1859: Mill advertised for sale by auction

Census 1861:

Stephen Cox (47) b.Mundham, miller & farmer
Hannah Cox (47) b.Copford, Essex
Hannah Cox (19) b.Copford, Essex
Susan Cox (13) b.Hazeleigh, Essex
Stephen Cox (12) b.Woodham Mortimer, Essex
William Cox (10) b.Hazeleigh, Essex.
Emma Cox (7) b.Hazeleigh, Essex
John Cox (5) b.Hardwick


White's 1864: Stephen Cox snr, miller

1869: Stephen Cox, miller

Census 1871:

Stephen Cox (55) b.Mundham, farmer of 24 acres & miller
Hannah Cox (56) b.Stanway, Essex
John Cox (15) b.Hardwick
Samuel Youngs (12) b.Alburgh, boarder


Census 1881:

Stephen Cox (65) b.Mundham, master miller & farmer of 33 acres
Hannah Cox (66) b.Stanway, Essex
John Cox (25) b.Alburgh, miller

White's 1883: Stephen Cox snr, miller & farmer

19th October 1886: Stephen Cox snr, miller, died aged 72. Born 1814

June 1887: Mill advertised for sale by auction

Census 1891:

Hannah Cox (77) b.Stanway, Essex, miller
Stephen Cox (41) b.Woodham Mortimer, Essex, miller (employee)
Ellen Cox (34) b.Beccles, Suffolk (wife)
Charles Cox (13) b.Acle
Florence Cox (11) b.Acle, scholar
Jessie Cox (9) b.Acle, scholar
Ethel Cox (8) b.Acle, scholar

Kelly's 1892: Hannah Cox, (Mrs) farmer & miller (wind) Alburgh mill

8th February 1896: Ellen Gertrude Cox, wife of Stephen Cox, died

Kelly's 1896: Stephen Cox jnr, miller (wind) Alburgh mill

Kelly's 1900: Stephen Cox jnr, miller (wind) Alburgh mill

Census 1901:

Stephen Cox (52) b.Woodham Mortimer, Essex, miller & farmer (employer)
Martha A. Cox (33) b.Acle (wife)
Florence K. Cox (21) b.Acle, working at home
Harry E. Cox (16) b.Acle, working at home
Herbert G. Cox (13) b.Acle, working at home
Alice K. Cox (11) b.Acle, scholar
William H. Cox (9) b.Alburgh
Beatrice M.Cox (5) b.Alburg
Percy J. Cox (1) b.Alburgh (son of Stephen & Martha)

Kelly's 1904: Stephen Cox jnr, miller (wind) Alburgh mill

1907: Stephen Cox jnr died and family left the mill

Kelly's 1908: Stephen Cox, miller, Alburgh mill

c.1908: Mill bought by Isaac Miles who later demolished it

Land Values Schedules 1910: Isaac Corneby Miles, owner & occupier

Kelly's 1916: Frederick Calthorpe, farmer, Mill Farm


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