Thorpe
Gas Hill
Gallants
towermill

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The westernmost of the two Gas Hill towermills was often known as Gallant's Mil and stood just to the northeast of Kett's Castle Villa. The mill was variously a corn mill and a sawmill during its working life.


The four storey mill had 14 and 18 inch brickwork. In 1834, the patent sails and a fantail powered a single set of French burr stones, a small pair of Peak stones with a flour mill and jumper. By 1837, the mill was using two pairs of French burr stones and by 1856 the mill had been converted to run as a sawmill, although the millstones were still in situ.


William Smith, formerly of Sprowston, Norfolk, Baker and Miller, afterwards of the Hamlet of Thorpe, in the County of the City of Norwich, and late of Thorpe, next Norwich, Norfolk, Miller. Bankrupt.
London Gazette - 31st January 1826


ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT
To Millers and Others,
To be SOLD by AUCTION,
By Mr. JOHN HARPER,
On Monday, the 2nd day of May next,
At the House of Mr. D. Sharpe, the King’s Arms Inn, at Bishop Bridge in Norwich
(Unless sooner disposed of by Private Contract,)

All that newly erected and substantial Brick Built TOWER WINDMILL, with four Patent self--regulating Sails, having one pair of French Flour Stones, and another pair of Stones for the purpose of manufacturing Empden Groats, with flour Mill, corn Screen, Cylinder and every thing Complete.
The above property is situated on the Public Road leading from Plumstead to Thorpe, and within about 200 yards of the Navigable River from Norwich to Yarmouth.
For further particulars apply to Mr. Balls, Millwright, Magdalen Street, Mr. Shore, at Bishop’s bridge, who will shew the premises, or to Mr. John Richard Coaks, Solicitor, Upper King Street, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 16th, 23rd & 30th April 1831


BRICK TOWER WINDMILL,
MOUSEHOLD, Norwich,
To be SOLD by AUCTION,
By MR. SPELMAN.
At the Maid’s Head Inn, St. Simon’s, Norwich,
On Monday, the 15th day of September, 1834,
At Five o'clock in the Afternoon,

ALL that New and Substantially Erected TOWER WINDMILL, containing four floors, with Patent Sails, and Winding Tackle, driving one Pair of French Stones, pair of Oatmeal stones, Flour Mill, &c. &c. situate near Kett’s Castle, on Mousehold Heath, Norwich, in the occupation of William King.
For further Particulars and Conditions of Sale, apply to Mr. J. W. Dowson, Solicitor, Bank‑street, or to the Auctioneer, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 6th & 13th September 1834


Brick Tower Windmill,
Mousehold, Norwich,
Wm. Spelman at Maid’s Head Inn, St. Simon’s, Norwich,
On Monday, the 15 September 1834 at 5 o'c

All that new built Brick Tower Windmill containing four Floors, with Patent Sails, and winding tackle, one pair of French Stones, pair of Oatmeal stones, Flour Mill and other Machinery, Fixtrures and Appurtenancies thereto belonging, situate in teh Hamlet of Thorpe in the county of the City of Norwich abutting on the road leading over Mousehold to Plumstead and now in the occupation of William King.
All Freehold.
Apply to Mr. I. W. Dowson, Solr. Bank Street, or the Auctioneer, Dukes Palace, Norwich.
Sale Particulars, William Spelman - September 1834


William King had earlier been made bankrupt while running the Black Mill on Mousehold.


In 1841, William King was given as a miller aged 60-64 living in Plumstead Road, Thorpe Saint Andrew’s with his wife Elizabeth aged 55-59.
A Mr. Colman was the next miller. The mill was again for sale by auction in April 1837.


TO MILLERS AND OTHERS
To be SOLD by AUCTION.
By Mr. CULLEY,
On Thursday, the 14th April, 1836,
At the Ranelagh Gardens Inn, Norwich,
At four o'clock in the Afternoon,

All that capital TOWER WINDMILL, with four floors and Patent Sails, winding herself, with an excellent pair of French Burr stones, new Flour Machine and Jumper, and a pair of small Peak Stones and requisite apparatus for Manufacturing Oatmeal, a capital shaft with head and spur wheels and all the Going Gears complete. The Tower is good sound 18 inch and 14 inch brick work, the beams and floors are substantial and durable, and the Mill is altogether well timbered.
The Mill is situated remarkable well in the wind, upon elevated ground at the back of the Gas Works Bishop Bridge, and the Mill Yard is enclosed by a boarded fence.
For further particulars and Conditions of Sale apply (if by letter post-paid) to Mr. James Winter, Solicitor, St. Giles’ Broad-street, or the Auctioneer, St. Andrew’s Hill, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 2nd & 9th April 1836


To Millers, Bakers & Others,
To be SOLD by AUCTION,
By Mr. JOHN CULLEY,
On Wednesday, the 12 th of April, 1837,
At the Wounded Hart Inn, St. Peter’s, Norwich,
At Four o'clock in the Afternoon,
(Without Reserve)

All that Capital TOWER WINDMILL, with Four Floors and Patent Sails, winding herself, with an excellent pair of French Burr Stones, new Flour Machine and Jumper, and a pair of small Peak Stones and requisite Apparatus for Manufacturing Oatmeal, a capital shaft with head and spur wheels and all the Going Gears complete. The Tower is good sound 18 inch & 14 inch brick work, the Beams and Floors are substantial and durable, & the Mill is altogether well timbered.
The Mill is situated remarkable well in the Wind, upon elevated ground at the back of the Gas Works Bishop Bridge, and the Mill Yard is enclosed by a boarded fence, now in the occupation of Mr. Colman, who will shew the premises.
Immediate possession may be had.
Two thirds of the purchase money may remain on security of the premises, if required, at a moderate rate of Interest.
For further Particulars and Conditions of Sale apply (if by letter post-paid) to Mr. James Winter, Solicitor, St. Giles’ Broad-street, or to the Auctioneer, St. Andrew’s Hill, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle -1st & 8th April 1837


To Millers and Bakers,
TO BE SOLD OR LET,
With Immediate Possession,

THAT capital TOWER WINDMILL, situated near the Norwich Gas Works, Bishop Bridge, now in a complete state of repair, with patent sails, driving two pair of French Burr Stones, new flour mill and jumper, with all her going gears complete, mill utensils, &c.
For Rent and further Particulars apply to L. De Caux, at the Ranelagh Gardens, St. Stephens Gates, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 27th May 1837


TO MILLERS, BAKERS, AND OTHERS,
TO BE SOLD OR LET

THAT substantial well-built Brick Tower WIND MILL, driving two pair of French Stones, with Patent Sails, and all her Going Gears complete, situated near the Norwich Gas Works.
For further particulars apply to Mr. De Caux, at the Ranelagh Gardens, or to Mr. Fulcher, Mill-wright, near the mill, who will shew the Premises.
Norfolk Chronicle - 8th December 1838


Clement Rolling Gallant was born c.1829 in St. Martin at Oak, Norwich. He was the son of Clement Gallant, a gardener, and Maria Gallant. He was listed in White’s Directory of 1868 as a saw miller at Gashouse Hill and in Harrod’s Directory as a saw & planing miller at Mousehold. He was still at the mill in 1869, when the mill was put up for auction after the death of its owner.


BANKRUPTCY ACT, 1861.
Notioce of Adjudication and First Meeting of Creditors

CLEMENT ROLLING GALLANT of the Hamlet of Thorpe, in the County of the City of Norwich, Timber Merchant and Sawyer, having been adjudicated a Bankrupt under a Petition for Adjudication of Bankruptcy, filed in the County Court of Norfolk holden at Norwich on the 19th day of January 1863. is hereby required to surrender himself . . . at the first meeting of Creditors to be held . . . 2nd day of February 1863 at 11 o'c in the Forenoon precisely at the office of the said Court, Princes Street, Norwich.

Thomas Hitchen PALMER,
Registrar,

Norfolk Chronicle - 24th January 1863

THE BANKRUPTCY ACT, 1861.
ORDERS OF DISCHARGE
In the County Court of Norfolk, holden at Norwich,

In the matter of CLEMENT ROLLING GALLANT, of the Hamlet of Thorpe, in the County of the City of Norwich, Timber Merchant and Sawyer, a Bankrupt. – Whereas at a Public Sitting of the Court held this day, the Court granted an Order of Discharge to the said Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given, that an Order of Discharge will be drawn up and delivered to the said Bankrupt after the expiration of thirty days from this date, unless, in the meantime, an appeal is duly entered against the judgement of the said Court.
Dated this 27th day of February 1863.

THOS. H. PALMER,
Registrar,

Norfolk Chronicle - 7th March 1863

NORWICH.
PLUMSTEAD ROAD, MOUSEHOLD, LAKENHAM, BER STREET, AND

ST. AUGUSTINE’S

Mr. Murrell has received instructions from the Executor of the late Roger Kerrison Esq. to Sell by Auction at the Maid’s Head Hotel, Norwich, on Tuesday August 10, 1869, at 6 for 7 o'c the following valuable properties
PLUMSTEAD ROAD & MOUSEHOLD
Eight excellent COTTAGES, a Saw Windmill and Yard and two pieces of Building Land in 6 lots.
Particulars of Messrs. Kerrison & Preston. Solicitors, Solrs. or of the Auctioneer, Bank Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 31st July 1869


NORWICH.
PLUMSTEAD ROAD, MOUSEHOLD, LAKENHAM, BER STREET, AND

ST. AUGUSTINE’S

MR MURRELL has received instructions to offer for SALE by AUCTION, at the Maid’s Head Hotel, Norwich, on Tuesday, August the 10, 1869, at Six for Seven o'clock in the Evening, the following valuable PROPERTIES: -
The Ten following Lots are offered for Sale by order of the Executor of the late ROGER KERRISON, Esq. deceased.
Lot 6. – A Brick-tower SAW WINDMILL, with Patent Sails and Self-acting Gear, containing Four Floors, with two pairs of Stones, and which can be re-constructed at a moderate outlay into a Flour Mill, in the occupation of Mr. C. R. Gallant.
Particulars and Conditions of Sale may be had of Messrs. Kerrison and Preston. Solicitors; or of the Auctioneer, Bank Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle & Norfolk News - 7th August 1869


Two of Clement Rolling Gallant’s children died within eleven days of each other over Christmas and the New Year of 1870-1.


DIED.

GALLANT. – On the 23rd ult., Alfred Joshua, youngest son of Clement and Amelia Gallant, of Thorpe Hamlet, aged 9 years and 3 months; also, on the 3rd. inst., Maria Amelia, second daughter of the above, aged 18.
Norfolk Chronicle - 7th January 1871


Harvey’s and Hudson’s Bankruptcy,
NORWICH.

MESSRS. SPELMAN have received instructions to SELL by AUCTION, on Tuesday, June 18th, 1872, at Two for Three o'clock, at the Royal Hotel, Norwich, the following ESTATES.
Lot 41. – A Brick TOWER WINDMILL, occupied by C. R. Gallant.
Particulars and Conditions of Sale may be had of Mr. E. C. Bailey, Trustee, Messrs. Kerrison and Preston, Solicitors, Norwich, of Messrs. Spelman, Norwich and Yarmouth; and of
I. B. COAKS
Vendor’s Solicitor,
Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 1st June 1872


Harvey’s and Hudson’s Bankruptcy,
NORWICH.

MESSRS. SPELMAN have received instructions to SELL by AUCTION, on Friday, June 21st, 1872, at Two for Three o'clock, at the Royal Hotel, Norwich, the following ESTATES.
MOUSEHOLD, THORPE HAMLET
Lot 41. – A Brick TOWER WINDMILL, occupied by C. R. Gallant.
Particulars and Conditions of Sale may be had of Mr. E. C. Bailey, Trustee, Messrs. Kerrison and Preston, Solicitors, Norwich, of Messrs. Spelman, Norwich and Yarmouth; and of
I. B. COAKS
Vendor’s Solicitor,
Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 8th & 15th June 1872


Clement Rolling Gallant was a passenger in one of the trains that collided head on at Thorpe, Norwich, on the 10th September 1874. He was conveyed home, having been much cut about the face, legs etc. His mother died in June 1879.


In 1875 Clement Rolling Gallant was a tenant at Cann's sawmill in Philadlephia, New Catton.


DIED.

GALLANT. – On the 1st inst., at her son’s residence, Mousehold, aged 75, Maria Gallant, widow of the late Clement J. Gallant, many years gardener at Heydon-hall, in this county.
Norfolk Chronicle - 7th June 1879

TO ESTATE AGENTS AND OTHERS. – WANTED to Purchase, for Cash, any quantity of BEECH, SYCAMORE, and HORSE-CHESTNUT TREES. – Apply C. R. Gallant and Sons, Mousehold Saw Mill, or Scoles Green Hoop Works, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 15th December 1883


One of Clement Rolling Gallant’s sons was married in May 1884.


MARRIED.

GALLANT – MOORE. – On the 7th inst., at St. Andrew’s Church, Thorpe, in this city, by the Rev. J. Pattison, Clement Philip, eldest son of C. R. Gallant, timber merchant, Mousehold, in this city, to Kezia, second daughter of Mr. Robert Moore, Plumstead-road, Thorpe.
Norfolk Chronicle - 17th May 1884


ST. LEONARDS & CAMP ROADS, THORPE HAMLET

S. Mealing Mills is instructed by the Executor of the late C. P. Gallant to Sell by Auction at the Royal Hotel, Norwich on Wednesday April 26, 1899 at 6 for 7 o'c in the Evening in Three Lots:-
ST. LEONARDS ROAD
Freehold DWELLING HOUSE. Lot 1.
No. 70 Windmill Cottages, St. Leonards Road . . . as lately occupied by the deceased Mrs. Gallant
Freehold HOUSE
No. 68 Windmill Cottages, St. Leonard's Road . . .
CAMP ROAD, late KETTS CAMP ROAD
Lot 3. The Freehold TIMBER MERCHANT'S PREMISES situate adjoining the rear of Lot 1, comprising the Timber Yard, Brcik Tower Windmill, Store and Drying Sheds, the whole containing about 22 Rods, as now in the occupation of Mr. C. P. Gallant.
Messrs. Francis & Black,
St. Giles Street, Norwich, Vendor's Solicitors.

Norfolk Chronicle - 15th & 22nd April 1899


PROPERTY MARKET
NORWICH

Mr. S. Mealing Mills on Wednesday sold by auction at the Royal Hotel, the following city properties:-
Instructed by the executors of the late Mr. C. R. Gallant,
Lot 1 the freehold dwelling house and garden ground, No. 70 Windmill Cottages, St. Leonards Road, Thorpe Hamlet to Mr. Impson for £235.
Lot 2 the freehold dwelling house adjoining was withdrawn at £120
Lot 3 the timber yard and mill, withdrawn at £125.
Messrs. Francis & Back were the Solicitors

Norfolk Chronicle - 29th April 1899


O. S. Map 1883

O. S. Map 1883
Mill marked in red with the nearby Jenning's mill marked in black just to east and slightly south
Courtesy of NLS map images


O. S. Map 1884

O. S. Map 1884
Courtesy of NLS map images


Map 1885
Jennings Mill marked as a Sawmill to the east and Gallant's Mill marked as a Corn Mill to the west


Map 1794: Windmill

Map 1824: Windmill

January 1826: William Smith, bankrupt

Aprilo 1831: Mill advertised for sale by auction

1834: William King, miller - previously at the Mousehold Black Mill

April 1836: Mill advertised for sale by auction

May 1837: Mill advertised to sold or let

1837: Mr. Colman, miller

April 1837: Mill advertised for sale by auction

December 1838: Mill advertised to be sold or let

1856: William Smith, sawyer

1859: George Gallant, sawyer

January 1863: Clement Rolling Gallant, timber merchant & sawyer, bankrupt

February 1863: Clement Rolling Gallant, timber merchant & sawyer, bankruptcy discharged

1869: Clement Rolling Gallant, sawyer

1869: Mill running as a sawmill with millstones still in situ

July 1869: Mill advertised for sale by auction

Census 1871: Clement Rolling Gallant (42) sawyer
Amelia Gallant (46) wife
Clement Philip Gallant (13)
George Frederick Gallant (11)
Elizabeth Impson Gallant (6)
Lydia Langley Gallant (3)
Alfred Arthur Gallant (25) brother
Address: Mousehold, Thorpe

1872: Clement Rolling Gallant, sawyer

June 1872: Mill advertised for sale by auction due to bankruptcy of owners, Harvey & Hudson

Morant's map 1873: Windmill

Hamilton's 1879: Clement Rolling Gallant, saw mills, Mousehold

Kelly's 1879: Clement R. Gallant, sawyer, Mousehold

Census 1881: Clement Rolling Gallant (52) timber merchant
Amelia Gallant (57)
Clement P. Gallant (23)
Elizabeth J. Gallant (16)
Lydia L. Gallant (13)
Address: Gas Hill, Thorpe next Norwich

Eyre's 1883: Clement Rolling Gallant, timber merchant at Scoles Green & Mill Road

O.S. map 1884: Windmill

White's 1888:
Clement Rolling Gallant, English timber merchant, hoop rim manufacturer and brush board cutter, Mill Road, Mousehold and Scoles Green

1899: C. P. Gallant, sawyer

Collins' map 1899: Windmill

April 1899: Mill advertised for sale by auction

April 1899: Mill failed to sell at auction and was withdrawn at £125

c.1906: Mill demolished

If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 01263 713658 or

Nat Grid Ref TG24280905
 
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