Tharston
towermill


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Drainage Windpumps
Steam Mills

c.1935
c.1935

Tharston towermill was built as a 5 storey replacement for the earlier postmill and both were in turn run in conjunction with the nearby Tharston_watermill. The mill used two pairs of double shuttered sails to power two pairs of French burr stones, one of which was divided into 14 quarters . One pair of sails had 8 bays of 3 shutters and the other pair had 7 pairs of 3 shutters and 1 bay of 2 shutters. The Norfolk boat shaped cap had a petticoat and probably also held a fantail.

White's Directory of 1836 listed Tharston as Thurston.

Commission of Bankruptcy against
Henry Spratt of Tharston, Miller
To surrender 27 January next

Norfolk Chronicle - 13th January 1827

SALE of WATER MILL in occupation of Henry Spratt, and Land
Norfolk Chronicle - 3rd February 1827

Capital Brick TOWER WIND MILL
To be Sold by Auction by Mr. Butcher on Saturday 7 July next
At the Star Inn, Haymarket, in the city of Norwich at 4 o'c
Unless sooner disposed of by Private Contract

All that capital new built Brick TOWER WIND-MILL with Patent Sails and Drivers and two pair of French Stones, together with 40 rods of land on part of which the said Mill is built, situate at Tharston near Long Stratton in the county of Norfolk, late in the occupation of Mr. Thomas Spratt.
Apply to Messrs. Francis & Turner, Solrs. Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 16th, 23rd & 30th June & 7th July 1827

Henry Spratt
Commission of Bankrupt dated 5 January 1827

Norfolk Chronicle - 29th December 1827

Most Valuable CORN MILLS & ESTATE at THARSTON within nine miles of Norwich.
To be Sold by Auction by William Butcher on Saturday February 2, 1828
At the Rampant Horse Inn, St. Stephens, Norwich at 3 o'c.
A most desirable ESTATE situate in Tharston near Long Stratton in the county of Norfolk in the occupation of Mr. Henry Spratt in two Lots.
Lot 1.
A Superior and Valuable WATER MILL ...
Also a comfortable Dwelling house and Garden ... and about ten acres of excellent arable and meadow land adjoining.
Lot 2.
A very superior newly erected Brick Tower Windmill with five floors, patent sails, two pair of French stones and going geers complete, with about 40 rods freehold land on a part of which the Mill is built. This lot is situated within a short distance of the Water Mill.
The whole of the above desirable Property is Freehold subject to a trifling land tax and is situated in an excellent Corn country within 9 miles of Norwich, 12 of Bungay and Harleston, 3 of Long Stratton, 6 of Wymondham and 9 of Attleburgh, all capital corn markets.

Apply to Messrs. Francis & Turner or to Mr. Matthew Rackham, Solrs. Norwich or to the Auctioneer.

Norfolk Chronicle - 26th January & 2nd February 1828

Henry Spratt, formerly of Tharston, near Long Stratton, Norfolk, Miller, then of Norwich, Baker, then of the Hamlet of Lakenham in the County of the said City, Miller and Baker, then of Chapel Field Row, Norwich, Baker, and then of Norwich unemployed, Bankrupt.
London Gazette - 25th February 1830

The Court for the relief of Insolvent Debtors.

THE Matters of the Petitions and Schedules of the Prisoners hereinafter named (the same having been filed in the Court) are appointed to be heard as follows:-
At the Court House, at the city of Norwich, on the twenty-second day of March, 1830, at Ten o'clock in the Morning precisely
HENRY SPRATT, formerly of Tharston (near Long Stratton) in the county of Norfolk, Miller, then of the parish of Saint George of Colegate, in the city of Norwich, Baker, afterwards of the parish of Saint Mary, in the same city, then of the hamlet of Lakenham, in the county of the said City, Miller and Baker, then of Chapel Field Row, in the said city, Baker, and late of Mill-street, Crook’s Place, in the hamlet of Heigham, in the county of the said city, unemployed.
JOHN GALSWORTHY, Solicitor,
9, Cook’s Court, Lincoln’s Inn, London.
For DYE, Solicitor, Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 27th February 1830


Situations Vacant
WANTED, a married MAN to drive a Mill Waggon and make himself generally useful. Must have a good character from his last employer.
Apply at the White Hart, St. Peters from 12 to 4 o'c on Saturday or to Mr. S. Millett, Tharston Mills.

Norfolk News - 19th August 1865

THARSTON
Messrs. Butcher respectfully announce they are instructed by the Executors of the late Mr. Bensley to Sell by Auction at the Royal Hotel, Norwich early in June
Lot 1.
Water & Steam Mills at Tasburgh
(Tharston)
Lot 2.
All that substantial Freehold Lofty Brick
TOWER WINDMILL with five floors and Patent Sails driving two pairs of stones at Tharston in the occupation of Mr. Stephen Millett. Possession of this lot may be had at Michaelmas next.
Apply to W. T. Bensley, Solr. The Close, or to the Auctioneers, Theatre Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 4th, 11th & 25th May & 1st June 1867
Norfolk News - 18th & 25th May & 1st June 1867

THARSTON
To be Let with possession at Michaelmas next

A Water and Steam Mill (with newly erected Steam Engine), Dwelling House, Outbuildings and about 8 acres of Meadow Land adjoining. Also a BRICK TOWER WINDMILL, all situate at THARSTON in Norfolk and in the occupation of Mr. Stephen Millett.
Apply to W. T. Bensley, Solr. The Close, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 24th & 31st August & September & October 1867 & July & August 1868
Norfolk News - 24th August & 21st September 1867

To Millers and others
To be Let
On advantageous terms and with immediate possession

A WATER and STEAM CORN MILL (with newly erected Steam Engine), Dwelling house, convenient Outbuildings and about 8 Acres of Meadow Land. Also a BRICK TOWER WINDMILL. All situate at Tharston in Norfolk about 10 miles from Norwich, 2 miles from the Flordon and Forncett Railway Stations and in the occupation of Mr. Stephen Millett.
An old established Trade is carried on at the Mills which are situate in a good wheat growing district.
Apply to W. T. Bensley, Solicitor, The Close, Norwich.

Norfolk News - 12th October 1867

Situations Vacant
To Journeymen Millers
Wanted, a Married Man, a good STONEMAN and to make him generally useful.
Apply to S. Millett, Tharston or the White Hart, St. Peter's.

Norfolk News - 26th October 1867

To be Sold or Let
An excellent BRICK TOWER WINDMILL at Tharston near Long Stratton, Norfolk.
Apply to W. T. Bensly, Solicitor, The Close, Norwich.

Norfolk News - 29th February 1868

To Millers and Others
TO BE LET
On advantageous Terms, with possession at Michaelmas next
A VALUABLE WATER & STEAM CORN MILL with Dwelling house and Offices and about 8 acres of Meadow Land.
Also to be let or sold, a lofty Brick TOWER WINDMILL with five floors and patent sails, driving two pair of stones.
All situate at Tharston near Long Stratton, Norfolk, in an excellent corn growing district.
A good Old-established Trade has hitherto been carried on at the Mills. .
Apply to W. T. Bensly, Solicitor, The Close, Norwich.

Norfolk News - 25th July, 1st & 8th August 1868

Situations Vacant
WANTED, a good GENERAL MILLER.
Apply R. Palmer, Tharston Mills near Long Stratton, Norfolk or Stand 71, Corn Hall, Norwich.

Norfolk News - 13th June 1874

Michaelmas Sales
John Standley & Sons
THARSTON, September 28
The valuable LIVE & DEAD FARMING STOCK of Mr. Stephen Millett.

Norfolk News - 18th September 1875

Situations Vacant
To JOURNEYMEN MILLERS
Wanted at Michaelmas next, a steady trustworthy Person who can be recommended as a good STONEMAN and to make himself generally useful. Good reference required.
Apply to T. Millett, Tharston or the Swan, St. Peter's, Norwich.

Norfolk News - 18th September 1875

Situations Vacant
TO MILLERS
Wanted, a good WORKING FOREMAN, one who thoroughly understands Stone dressing.
Apply to Mr. R. Palmer, Tharston Mills, Long Stratton or Stand 71, Corn Hall.

Norfolk News - 20th November 1875

Preliminary Notice
THE THARSTON WATER, STEAM & WIND MILLS ESTATE.
Messrs. Spelman have received instructions to Sell by Auction on Saturday July 18, 1896 at
2 for 3 o'c at the Agricultural Hall, Norwich, the Water & Steam Four & Grist Mills, with Dwelling house, Stables, Cart Lodge, Bullock Shed and Pasture Land and also the Tower Wind Mill and Land, now in the occupation of Mr. Alfred Thomas Phillippo.

LEATHES PRIOR,
Norwich, Vendors' Solicitor.
Norfolk Chronicle - 27th June 1896

Preliminary Notice
THE THARSTON WATER, STEAM & WIND MILLS ESTATE.
Messrs. Spelman have received instructions to Sell by Auction on Saturday July 18, 1896 at
2 for 3 o'c at the Agricultural Hall, Norwich, the Water & Steam Four & Grist Mills, with Dwelling house, Stables, Cart Lodge, Bullock Shed and Pasture Land and also the Tower Wind Mill and Land, now in the occupation of Mr. Alfred Thomas Phillippo at a Rental of £105 per annum.

LEATHES PRIOR,
Norwich, Vendors' Solicitor.
Norfolk Chronicle - 4th July 1896

THE THARSTON WATER, STEAM & WIND MILLS ESTATE.
Messrs. Spelman have received instructions to Sell by Auction on Saturday July 18, 1896 at
2 for 3 o'c at the Agricultural Hall, Norwich, the Freehold ESTATE known as Tharston Mills, situate on the road from Hapton to Tasburgh, about two miles from Flordon, Forncett & Ashwellthorpe Stations on the G.E.R., in the County of Norfolk, in the occupation of Mr. Alfred Phillipo, at the yearly rent of £105 comprising the Water_&_Steam_Power_Mills with Engine & Boiler house & fitted with a 10 horse power Boiler by Riches_&_Watts & 8 horse power Vertical High Pressure Engine by Riches_Watts, with all Steam Pipes & Fittings, a Centrifugal Scalper put up six years since by Riches_Watts, a Centrifugal Silk Flour Mill nearly new, a No. 1 Flour Mill & Sifter, three pairs of 4 ft. Stones etc.
The House contains... also adjoining are good Gardens. The Outbuildings comprise a Brick & Tile Cart-shed, 2 Open Sheds, Loose Box, Hay House, Harness House & Stable with 3 Stalls & Box; also adjoining are several Valuable Pastures of good quality & another Pasture next the road. At a short distance, standing at a considerable elevation is a Brick Tower Windmill with Two Pairs of Stones & other machinery, the whole containing about 9a. 0r. 13p.
Particulars of Messrs. Spelman, Norwich & Yarmouth; at the Estate Exchange, Tokenhouse Yard, E.C. & of Leathes Prior, Esq., Vendor's Solr. Norwich.
Norfolk Chronicle - 11th July 1896


I can remember this mill which was situated S.S.E of the Tharston water_mill in between the Hapton to Hempnall road and what was locally known as the back lane accessed by a rough cart track which was adjacent to Brightons farm. I was very young at the time and was taken for many walks by the old mill until one fateful day the mill was blown up, I was unconsolable for days so it is said. I was told it was demolished (1) it could be used as a navigation point for enemy aircraft or (2) for building material to repair the war damage.
John Brandon, Bristol - 5th March 2007

O. S. Map 1882
O. S. Map 1882
Watermill top left - towermill bottom centre
Courtesy of NLS map images

O.S. Map 2005
O.S. Map 2005
Image reproduced under licence from Ordnance Survey

Kelly's 1900: Alfred Thomas Phillippo, farmer

Kelly's 1912: Alfred Thomas Phillippo, farmer, Mill farm

Kelly's 1916: Alfred Thomas Phillippo, farmer & landowner, Mill farm


c.1827: MIll built

1826: Henry Spratt, miller

1827: Henry Spratt, miller, bankrupt

1827: Thomas Spratt, miller

June 1827: Mill advertised for sale by private contract or auction

1828: Henry Spratt, miller - had moved to Lakenham Peafield towermill by 1830

January 1828: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with watermill

White's 1836: William Brown, corn miller

O.S. map 1838: Windmill

White's 1845: Henry Hart, corn miller

White's 1854: Charles Cremer, corn miller

White's 1864: Stephen Millett, corn miller

1865: Stephen Millett, miller & farmer

1867: Stephen Millett, miller and at watermill & steam mill

May 1867: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with watermill & steam mill

August 1867: Mill advertised to be let along with watermill & steam mill

Harrod's 1868: Stephen Millett, miller

February 1868: Mill advertised for sale or let

July 1868: Mill advertised to be sold or let along with watermill & steam mill to be let only

Harrod's 1872: Robert Palmer, miller

1874: Robert Palmer, miller

1875: Robert Palmer, miller

September 1875: Live & dead farming stock of Stephen Millett advertised for sale by auction

Kelly's 1879: Alfred Phillippo, farmer & miller

White's 1883: Alfred Phillipo, farmer, miller & merchant

O.S. map 1885: Windmill

1888: Alfred Phillipo, farmer, miller & merchant

White's 1890: Alfred Phillipo, farmer, miller & merchant

Kelly's 1892: Alfred Phillippo, farmer & miller (wind & water)

1896: Alfred Phillippo tenant miller at a rent of £105 per annum - also at Tharston watermill

June 1896: Mill advertised for sale by auction along with watermill

Kelly's 1896: Alfred Thomas Phillippo, farmer & miller (wind & water)

c.1898: Mill ceased to operate

O.S. map 1910: Windmill

1926: Mill derelict

Karl Wood painting 1939: Mill tower with cap frame and windshaft and four broken sails

If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 01263 713658 or

Nat Grid Ref TM 18469573
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Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2005