Ludham
How Hill
towermill

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Steam Mills

c.1885
c.1885

Ludham How Hill tower mill was a 5 storey tarred brick mill, built in 1825 by William Sherwood Page, who incorporated a datestone W.S.P. 1825 into the structure above the meal door on the western side. By 1971 it had been converted to residential use. The mill was built fairly close to the River Ant on the northwest side of the village.


The mill was powered by 4 double shuttered sails, each with 6 bays of 3 shutters but 4 on the innermost bay. The Norfolk boat shaped cap had a petticoat, gallery and a 6 bladed fan. Striking was via a tail pole. The tower had a pronounced batter, being 21ft 6 ins in diameter at the base and only 10 feet at the dust floor.


TO MILLERS,
TO BE SOLD OR LET,
And Entered upon Michaelmas next,

A Capital TOWER WINDMILL, with Dwelling house and requisite outbuildings and about two acreas and a half of land, situate at Ludham in Norfolk.
Apply to Mr. Durrant, Solicitor, Surrey Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 13th & 20th August 1831

To Millers,

To be Sold or Let with Possession at Michaelmas next,
A Capital Brick Tower WINDMILL with Dwelling house and requisite outbuildings and about two acreas and a half acres of Land, situate in Ludham in Norfolk.
Apply to Mr. Page, Catfield Hall, Norfolk or to Mr. Durrant, Solr. Surrey Street, Norwich.

Norfolk Chronicle - 1st & 8th August 1835

Tithe map 1840 - as redrawn by Harry Apling
Tithe map 1840 - as redrawn by Harry Apling

Tithe Award 1842
Map, Newton & Woodrow, Norwich, 1840
Owner: William Sherwood Page
Occupier: James Page

No. 448

Mill, House etc

0a. 1r. 36p.

Nil


The census of 1841 appears to indicate that the mill was owned by local farmer, Royal Garrett, who was 55 at the time. The census gives one address as...on the south by Garrett's Mill. However, the mill was owned by the Page family until it was sold along with a 190 acre farm in 1888.


Jeremiah Chapman moved to Ludham from Claxton where he had also been a miller. He was born at Yelverton c.1814 and had married Martha Stimpson in 1839 at Lakenham while living in City Road. He had left How Hill mill by 1871 having moved to Freethorpe to be come landlord of the Brickmakers Arms where he was until 1891. Jeremiah and Martha's youngest child, Jeremiah jnr was born on 8th June 1861 at Ludham.


LUDHAM, Norfolk
Farm and Windmill to Let

A FARM of about 190 Acres Arable and Marsh Land all adjoining, situate in the above parish, now in the occupation of the executors of the late W.S. Page.
There are about 120 Acres of Arable Land, the remainder bein Marsh Land, with a good Dwelling House; all the Farm Premises are new and substantially built and there are Five Farm Labourers' Cottages in connection therewith.
The farm abuts on the river Ant and is well situated for fishing and shooting.
Possession may be had at Michaelmas next.
For further particulars apply to Mr. Sherwood William Page, Oby, Great Yarmouth

Norfolk Chronicle - 1st September 1888

15th May 1971
15th May 1971

Other as yet unconfirmed millers for this mill included John Clarke 1854-1856; Samuel Reynolds 1872 and Frederick Chapman 1892-1900.


In 1902 Edward Thomas Boardman bought the How Hill Estate and turned it into a fruit farm. Water tanks were placed at the top of the mill to aid irrigation. Edward Boardman remained at the mill until c.1965.


29th December 2008 29th December 2008
29th December 2008

In 1971, Harry Apling reported that the mill was in residential use with no machinery remaining. The ground floor had large double doors to the north and a main single door to the east. The loading doors on the first floor provided access to the living quarters via an outside wooden staircase. The meal floor stairs had 17 treads and the stone floor, 15 treads. The dust floor was roofed over at curb level with a leaded roof and a 3ft parapet, access to the roof being via a trapdoor.


I have recently been researching my family ancestry and discovered that Frederick Charles Chapman was my GGG Uncle who was listed in the 1901 Census as a corn miller of How Hill Mill, Ludham.  He also appears as a miller in Howe Hill Road, Ludham in the 1891 Census.  The two spellings differ slightly. Frederick was born in Potter Heigham and, supposedly, aged 35 in 1901. (i.e. Born c.1866, which I believe was c.1863/4)  perhaps by coincidence, my father (1914) and his father (1884) were both named Frederick.
Derick Chapman - 5th December 2008


White's 1836: William England millwright

White's 1845: William England millwright
White's 1845: John Clarke, corn & coal merchant
White's 1845: Mary Clarke, butcher

Kelly's 1879: Daniel England, millwright

White's 1883:
Daniel Chasteney England, engineer, millwright, iron & brass founder, and maker and inventer of the patent turbine for fen drainage, and vict. Kings Arms

White's 1890: Winter Clarke, baker & victualler, Spread Eagle
White's 1890: Daniel Chasteney England, engineer, millwright and iron and brass fndr. & vict. Kings Arms
White's 1890: William Thaxter Page, plumber & painter

Kelly's 1892: Daniel Chasteney England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright

Kelly's 1896: Daniel Chasteney England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright

Kelly's 1900:
Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright, agricultural & mechanical engineer & pump manufacturer

Kelly's 1900: James Alfred Page, Porter, collector of taxes
Kelly's 1900: William Page, painter

Kelly's 1904:
Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright, agricultural & mechanical engineer & pump manufacturer

Kelly's 1908:
Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright, agricultural & mechanical engineer & pump manufacturer

Kelly's 1912:
Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright, agricultural & mechanical engineer & speciality turbine pump manufacturer

Kelly's 1916:
Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H. & millwright, agricultural & mechanical engineer & speciality turbine pump manufacturer

Kelly's 1922: Edwin William Daniel England, King's Arms P.H.


Kelly's 1922: Hubert James Newton, miller (wind) 1925/29/33/37 - unknown mill


1825: Mill built by William Sherwood Page

August 1831: Mill advertised for sale or let

August 1835: Mill advertised for sale or let

White's 1836: John Page, corn miller, How hill

O.S. map 1838: Windmill

Census 1841: James Pleasant (25) miller, living in the same house as George Cole (20) miller (journeymen)

Census 1841: Robert Gedge (60) miller (probably journeyman)

Tithe Award 1842: Owner: William Sherwood Page; Occupier: James Page

White's 1845: Thomas Jay, corn miller

1846: William Sherwood Page, miller & farmer

1850: William Sherwood Page, miller & farmer

Census 1851:

William S. Page (55) b.Ormesby, farmer of 400 acres employing no labourers
Biddy Page (64) b.Belton
William Page (34) b.Ludham, farmers son
Allice Mudler (17) b.Potter Heigham, house servant
Rebeca Gibbs (19) b.Ludham, house servant
Alfred Page (22) b.Stokesby, (nephew) journeyman miller
Mark Cooke (14) b.Ludham, servant
Address: How Hill


Census 1851:

Robert M. Warnes (29) b.Eaton, miller (possible occupier)
Esther Warnes (55) (Wood Norton (mother)
Mary Ann Warnes (31) b.Eaton, dress maker (sister)
Robert Mayes (19) b.Felthorpe, journeyman miller
Address: Street By Church

Census 1851: Abiathar Garrett (22) b.Ludham, journeyman miller (son of farmer Royal Garrett)

White's 1854: John Clarke, corn miller, Howe Hill

1858: Jeremiah Chapman, miller

Census 1861:

Jeremiah Chapman (47) b.Loddon, miller
Martha Chapman (44) b.Langley
Martha Chapman (16) b.Claxton
Harry Chapman (14) b.Claxton, miller
Elizabeth Chapman (13) b.Claxton, scholar
Louisa Chapman (11) b.Claxton, scholar
Rebecca Chapman (8) b.Claxton, scholar
Georgina? Chapman (4) b.Blofield, scholar
Eliza Chapman (2) b.Ludham
Address: The Mill

White's 1864: Jeremiah Chapman, corn miller

1868: Jeremiah Chapman, miller

1868: James Page, miller

1872: Samuel Reynolds, miller

Kelly's 1879: Edward Mayhew, miller

September 1888: Mill advertised to let

White's 1890: Alfred Page, corn miller, rate collector, and assistant overseer
White's 1890: Hemden Page, corn miller

Photo c.1890: Mill with derelict sails, stocks, whips with some shutters & part of the fantail

Census 1891: Frederick Charles Chapman, corn miller

Kelly's 1892: Frederick Chapman, miller (wind)

Kelly's 1896: Frederick Chapman, miller (wind)

Kelly's 1900: Frederick Chapman, miller (wind)

Census 1901: Frederick Charles Chapman (35) b.Potter Heigham, corn miller

1902: How Hill Estate bought by Edward Thomas Boardman who installed water tanks in tower

Karl Wood painting 1937: Mill with roofed tower

c.1965: Edward Boardman left the mill

1971: Mill in residential use

July 2017: Mill house advertised for sale at £850,000


If you have any memories, anecdotes or photos please let us know and we may be able to use them to update the site. By all means telephone 01263 713658 or

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Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2005