East Runton towermill


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Norfolk Windmills

c.1890
c.1890

East Runton towermill was first shown on Bryant's map in 1826. The 5 storey mill tower was around 38 feet high and was built of cement rendered brick, having originally been built to 4 storeys. The mill used 4 double shuttered sails set on an iron windshaft to power three pairs of stones, a flour mill and jumper. The boat shaped cap had a six bladed fan, gallery and a chain pole.


c.1891 c.1893
c.1891
c.1893

Joseph Baker married Susan Dawson in Holt on 1st May 1804. Susan Dawson's family owned the brickworks in Runton, which is probably where Joseph was working when he took over the mill. It is possible that he actually built the mill.


Painting by Eva Lethbridge 18th July 1896
Painting by Eva Lethbridge 18th July 1896

It would appear that in 1841 William Reynolds jnr who was then 17, and from Thurning_watermill, was learning the trade of milling from Joseph Baker, as the 1841 census shows him living with the Baker family in the mill house.



Mill & house c.1900 c.1900
Mill & house c.1900
c.1900

RUNTON
To Millers To be let

A brick TOWER WINDMILL with patent sails and winding tackle complete driving three pair of French Stones, Flour Mill and Jumper and all other Machinery, capable of doing an extensive business. Also a respectable Dwelling House... cottage, store house, drying kiln, bake office, two stables, gig house, cart lodge and other outbuildings situate at Runton within ¾ mile of Cromer and at a convenient distance from several market and seaport towns.
Apply to Joseph Baker, the proprietor, Runton or Mr. W. Baker, High Street, Lynn.
Norfolk Chronicle - 1st, 15th & 29th July 1843

EAST RUNTON
To Millers.
To be Let with immediate possession.
A BRICK TOWER WINDMILL driving three pairs of Stones and going gears complete, with Granaries, Stables, Cottage, Dwelling House, Garden etc. either together or separately, situated at east Runton within a mile of the fashionable place of Cromer, Norfolk.
Apply to Mr. Baker, Runton or Mr. William Baker, High Street, Lynn.

Norfolk Chronicle - 6th December 1851


To be let. A Powerful BRICK TOWER WINDMILL driving three pair of Stones, Flour Mill etc.
A Messuage and Garden and a Dwelling House, Granary, Stable, Gighouse, Cart Lodge, Drying Kiln, Oven house etc.
The Messuage and Garden attached are now occupied.
Possession of the Mill, Dwelling House and premises can be had immediately and of the Messuage and garden at Michaelmas 1857.
Apply to Mr. Johnson, Solr. or Mr. Sandford, Land Agent, Cromer or to view the premises to Mr. Burton at Runton
.
Norfolk Chronicle - 30th August 1856


Anna Kemp c.1890 James Kemp c.1890
Anna Kemp c.1890
James Kemp c.1890

James & Anna Kemp c.1910 James & Anna Kemp c.1914
James & Anna Kemp c.1910
James & Anna Kemp c.1914

To Journeymen Millers.
WANTED, a Young Man to board and lodge in the house.
Apply to S. Millett, Runton Mills near Cromer or at the Angel Inn, North Walsham on Thursdays.

Norfolk News - 30th April 1859


RUNTON near Cromer.
To be let from Michaelmas next.
A very substantial Brick TOWER WINDMILL with iron shaft and patent sails driving three pairs of stones, flour mill and jumper with a capital Messuage and garden, a good cottage, granary, stable and other requisite buildings.
The Mill is well situated and affords an opportunity to an active man of business of doing an extensive and general trade.
Apply to Herbert J. Johnson, Solr. Cromer
.
Norfolk Chronicle - 13th August & 1st October 1859


RUNTON near Cromer.
To be let from Michaelmas next.
A VERY SUBSTANTIAL Brick Tower WINDMILL with Iron Shaft and Patent Sails, driving three pairs of Stones, Flour Mill and Jumper, with a capital Messuage, Garden, a good Cottage, Granary, Stable and other requisite Outbuildings. The Mill is well situated and affords an opportunity to an active man of business of doing an extensive and general Trade.
Apply to Herbert J. Johnson, Solr. Cromer
.
Norfolk News - 27th August & 1st October 1859


1904
1904

RUNTON

On Thursday 1st instant a girl named Martha Holman of this place went up to the mill with a donkey and cart and was in the act of getting out of the cart when one of the sails of the mill caught her on the head so that she turned completely over in falling and alighted flat on her back. She was taken up by Mr. Kemp apparently dead and conveyed home. Mr. Buck of Cromer is attending her, but she lies in a very precarious state.
Norfolk News - 10th November 1860

In 1860 James Kemp was miller and also school attendance officer.


Martha Holman was the daughter of local shoemaker John Holman and his wife Elizabeth Holman (née Bird) and she was baptised in Runton on 23rd November 1845. It would appear that Martha did indeed survive the accident as she is found in the 1861 census with her parents and no burial of a Martha Holman appears in the registers during that period.


Situations Vacant
WANTED, a Strong Active Youth as APPRENTICE to the MILLING Business.
Enquire J. Kemp, RUNTON MILL, near Cromer.

Norfolk News - 16th & 23rd September 1865


c.1909 c.1909
c.1909

Painting by F. Willett Armitage 1904
Painting by F. Willett Armitage 1904

c.1912
c.1912

The death took place on September 23 at East Runton, of Mr. James Kemp who for many years had carried on Runton Mill, near Cromer, at the age of 75.
The Miller - 7th October 1912


21st May 1980
21st May 1980

ELLINGTONS
North Walsham, Estate Agent, Auctioneers, Surveyors, Valuers
Particulars of Property for Sale by Private Treaty


Sale brochure April 1976


12th October 2003
12th October 2003

14th February 2009
14th February 2009

I have been researching my mother's family history (she and her parents, grandparents and g-g-parents were from Runton and Sheringham) and was interested to see your article about Runton Mill. It mentions Martha Holman's accident at the Mill in 1860.   Martha's mother Elizabeth Bird was a sister of my great-great-grandfather William Bird, and as far as I can find, Martha was a cook in Leeds in the 1871 census (living near her brother William and his family) and in 1877 married a cordwainer named John Perfect, originating from Norwich. Martha and John Perfect had at least 2 sons (John and Jabez), and were in Runton in the 1881 census.   In 1891 John was listed as widower, Martha having died sometime between 1881-1891 but I don't yet know when.
Annabel Thomas - 11th January 2011


I am sure East Runton tower mill is the same mill house I lived in. I bought it in the late 1970's and only sold it due to a divorce. I have an identical photograph showing the front of the mill house (which used to be a guest house). I also owned the five acres of land leading down to the main Cromer road. The kids loved the place, plenty of hiding places and every year the fair would pitch in the bottom field (usually used for Jacob sheep) and the kids had free rides for stay of the fair. I hope it is the same place. I can't remember any other windmills like that in East Runton.
Sara Lindley - 2nd August 2011


My great great grandfather was James Kemp! I remember Anna their daughter (my great grandmother) well.
I have a few photos, no new ones of the mill I think, but some of James and his wife. I do have a lovely painting of the mill.
I visited the mill in 2008 (I think) and was welcomed by the new owners.
My other great great grandparents were also millers. William Spurgeon and Sarah Fulcher.
Their 2 sons married James Kemp's 2 daughters.
But I do not know which mill was their's. I think it was in the Lakenham area of Norwich but cannot find any reference to them.

Penny Finn, Dorset - 3rd July 2012


Kelly's 1908: James Kemp, rate collector

Kelly's 1912: James Kemp, rate collector & clerk to the Parish Council


Bryant's map 1826: Windmill

White's 1836: Joseph Baker, miller & brickmaker (mill owner)

O.S. map 1838: Windmill

Census 1841: Joseph Baker (60) miller
Susanna Baker (60)
Betsy Baker (20)
Ann Dawson (20);
William Reynolds (15) journeyman miller
Sarah Abbs (14)  female servant
John Tyball (12) agricultural lab.

1843: Joseph Baker, miller

July 1843: Mill advertised to be let

White's 1845: George Waterson, corn miller

1846: George Waterson, miller

December 1851: Mill advertised to be let

Census 1851: Joseph Baker (68) b.Burgh, miller
Susanna Baker (75) b.Swanton
Elizabeth Baker (34) b.Runton; Arthur Steward (6) b. Roughton, grandson;
Ellen Comer (42) b.Wood Dalling, widow & house servant

John Mayes (48) b. Letheringsett, journeyman miller
Jane Mayes (57); David Mayes (15)
John Mayes (13); Ann Mayes (11)

Robert Abbs (24) b.Runton, miller's servant

White's 1854: Joseph Baker, corn miller

1856: Joseph Baker, owner and miller

August 1856: Mill advertised to be let

1858 - 1859: Joseph Baker, owner and miller and Stephen Millett, miller

c. November 1860: James Kemp, miller and school attendance officer

November 1860: Martha Holman, hit by one of the mill's sails

Census 1861: James Kemp (23) b.Gt Poringland, master miller
Susan Kemp (45) b.Framlingham Earl, housekeeper (mother)
Palina Needham (21) b.Cromer, journeyman miller

1865: James Kemp. miller


Kelly's 1879: James Kemp, miller

Census 1881: James Kemp (43) b. Gt. Poringland, miller, master employing 1 man
Elizabeth B. Kemp (49) b. Gt Massingham, wife
William Kemp (12) b. Runton, scholar; Bessie Kemp (9) scholar; Harry Kemp (6) scholar; Frank Kemp (3)
Mary A. Tuck (30) b. Mildenhall, general servant (domestic)

White's 1883: James Kemp, miller, overseer & tax collector

White's 1890:
James Kemp, miller, assistant overseer and tax collector, school attendance officer for Aylmerton School Board district, and clerk and attendance officer for West Beckham School Board district

Census 1891: James Kemp (53) b.Gt. Poringland, corn miller (master)
Elizabeth B. Kemp (59) b.Gt. Massingham
James Kemp (22) b.Runton, miller
William Kemp (20) b.Runton, assist. master schoolteacher
Bessie Kemp (18) b.Runton
Harry Kemp (16) b.Runton,
grocer's apprentice; Frank Kemp (13) b. Runton, scholar;
Mary A Tuck (39) b. Mildenhall. Suffolk, general domestic servant
Elizabeth C. Swail (36) b.Middlesex, boarder, living on own means
Martha Swail (35) b.Middlesex, boarder, living on own means
Ellen Spurgeon (29) b.Runton, daughter;
Russell Spurgeon (2) b.Lowestoft, grandson
Percival Spurgeon (4 mnths) b.Lowestoft, grandson

Kelly's 1892:
James Kemp, miller (wind), school attendance officer for Aylmerton school board district & clerk & attendance officer for West Beckham school board district; highway surveyor for Felbrigg & Runton & assistant overseer

1893: James Kemp, miller

Kelly's 1896:
James Kemp, miller (wind), school attendance officer for Aylmerton school board district & clerk & attendance officer for West Beckham school district & assistant overseer

Kelly's 1900:
James Kemp, miller (wind), school attendance officer for Aylmerton school board district & clerk & attendance officer for West Beckham school district & assistant overseer

Kelly's 1904: James Kemp, miller (wind) & assistant overseer

Kelly's 1908: Ronald Hall, miller (wind) & farmer, Runton mill

23rd September 1912: James Kemp died aged 75

1926: Mill lying derelict

Karl Wood painting 1937: Tower remaining with cap and fanstage only

1949: Mill tower remaining as a shell

April 1976: Mill advertised for sale for £27,000

1984: Tower remaining along with sections of the cap frame and fanstage

2004: Tower renovated with new cap and fantail



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Nat Grid Ref TG20054230
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Copyright © Jonathan Neville 2004